SAARC stands for the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation and it is a bloc of South Asian countries. It is also known as the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of countries present in South Asia. SAARC was founded on 8th December 1985 in Dhaka (Bangladesh) and there are 8 counties preside in SAARC.
SAARC Full Form
Countries preside in SARRC
- Sri Lanka
It is one of the famous intergovernmental blocs because it comprises 3% of the world’s area, 21% of the world’s population with 3.8% of the world’s economy, and all the countries reside in this bloc are developing-counties.
When SAARC was founded in 1985 it only had 7 members, in 2005 with Afghanistan showed interest in SAARC and with some negotiations for accession to SAARC, in April 2007 Afghanistan became the 8th member of SAARC. There is a possibility that in future Myanmar, Russia, Turkey could also be a part of SAARC.
SAARC lead by Secretaries-General, the first Secretaries-General of SAARC was Abul Ahsan from Bangladesh and the current Secretaries-General is Amjad Hussain B. Sial from Pakistan.
|1||Abul Ahsan||Bangladesh||16 January 1985 – 15 October 1989|
|2||Kant Kishore Bhargava||India||17 October 1989 – 31 December 1991|
|3||Ibrahim Hussein Zaki||Maldives||1 January 1992 – 31 December 1993|
|4||Yadav Kant Silwal||Nepal||1 January 1994 – 31 December 1995|
|5||Naeem U. Hasan||Pakistan||1 January 1996 – 31 December 1998|
|6||Nihal Rodrigo||Sri Lanka||1 January 1999 – 10 January 2002|
|7||Q. A. M. A. Rahim||Bangladesh||11 January 2002 – 28 February 2005|
|8||Chenkyab Dorji||Bhutan||1 March 2005 – 29 February 2008|
|9||Sheel Kant Sharma||India||1 March 2008 – 28 February 2011|
|10||Fathimath Dhiyana Saeed||Maldives||1 March 2011 – 11 March 2012|
|11||Ahmed Saleem||Maldives||12 March 2012 – 28 February 2014|
|12||Arjun Bahadur Thapa||Nepal||1 March 2014 – 28 February 2017|
|13||Amjad Hussain B. Sial||Pakistan||1 March 2017 – current|
SAARC was formed for some reason, here are some objectives on which SAARC summit mostly focus on.
- Trade amongst the SARRC countries
- Human Resource development
- Population issues
- Health issues
- Science and Technology
- Agriculture development
|SAARC Agricultural Centre (SAC)||Dhaka||Bangladesh|
|SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC)||Dhaka||Bangladesh|
|SAARC Forestry Centre (SFC)||Thimphu||Bhutan|
|SAARC Development Fund (SDF)||Thimphu||Bhutan|
|SAARC Documentation Centre (SDC)||New Delhi||India|
|SAARC Disaster Management Centre (SDMC)||Gandhinagar||India|
|SAARC Coastal Zone Management Centre (SCZMC)||Malé||Maldives|
|SAARC Information Centre (SIC)||Kathmandu||Nepal|
|SAARC Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS Centre (STAC)||Kathmandu||Nepal|
|SAARC Human Resources Development Centre (SHRDC)||Islamabad||Pakistan|
|SAARC Energy Centre (SEC)||Islamabad||Pakistan|
|SAARC Cultural Centre (SCC)||Colombo||Sri Lanka|
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