10 Best Java Books for Beginners and Advanced Programmers

By | November 14, 2021
Best Java Books

Java is a well-known programming language across the globe, thanks to its platform-independent feature. This feature enables us to write the code once on any platform and run it on other platforms having Java Runtime Environment (JRE) installed. Therefore, ‘Write Once, Run Anywhere’ is the primary objective of Java.

Another reason for the widespread popularity of Java is that it is an object-oriented programming language, which means developers can create clean code with a neat structure. James Joslin at Sun Microsystems developed Java back in the year 1995.

Java has made a remarkable place in the programming world, and today, it is ranked as one of the top programming languages. It is majorly utilized for developing back-end projects, like web and Android applications, machine learning projects, and big data applications.

This article will introduce you to some significant features of Java that make it a powerful and versatile programming language. In addition, we will discuss the 10 most popular Java books that can help you learn the fundamentals of Java and become a professional Java developer.

Main Features of Java

Sun Microsystems have developed Java as a feature-rich programming language. Below are some of the significant features of Java:


1. Simple to Learn and Use

Java is a simple language, as it does not involve any intricate functionalities of other languages, like C or C++. It eliminates various ambiguous concepts from C and C++, like multiple inheritance, Goto statements, operator overloading, explicit pointers, and preprocessors.

Also, the basic programming concepts of Java are analogous to C and C++. Therefore, having good knowledge of C and C++ would make it easier for you to learn Java.


2. Compiled and Interpreted

Programming languages can either be compiled or interpreted. But Java can be both compiled and interpreted. This striking feature makes the Java language more flexible.

The Java compiler (javac) first converts the source code into an intermediate code, called bytecode. Later, Java Virtual Machine (JVM) translates the compiled bytecode, which is platform-independent, into machine code.

3. Platform Independent

Java is platform-independent, meaning that the Java code compiled on one system can run on other systems that have Java Runtime Environment (JRE) installed.

4. Object-Oriented

Java is purely an object-oriented programming language as it supports inheritance, encapsulation, and abstraction. In addition, Java uses objects and classes for storing data and programs, and it is not possible to develop an executable program in Java without using classes.

5. Robust and Secure

Java is a robust language because it can handle runtime errors, support exception handling, avoid explicit pointers, and support automatic garbage collection. As the source code is checked twice, at runtime and compile-time, it becomes easier to eliminate errors in Java code.

In addition, when compared to C and C++, Java is more secure. C and C++ manage their application memory and protect data using pointer values. Unfortunately, malicious hackers or attackers can use pointers to access memory and steal confidential data.

On the other hand, Java does not support explicit pointers and uses data management systems and its own memory to block such unauthorized access to data.

6. Multi-Threaded and Interactive

Java supports multithreading, i.e., executing multiple tasks or running different portions of the same program simultaneously. It divides the source code into smaller units and runs multiple units parallelly.

In addition, Java is interactive because it supports Graphical User Interface (GUI) and Character User Interface (CUI) programs. It significantly enhances the interactive performance of graphical applications.

10 Best Java Books for Beginners and Experienced Programmers

As Java is a versatile and award-winning programming language, learning it would help you get various career opportunities. Below are some of the handpicked Java books that can assist you in developing Java skills.

1. Effective Java

Effective Java is an ideal book for beginners and intermediate-level developers willing to learn Java. This book will make you familiar with the 78 best practices to write Java code efficiently.

Joshua Bloch is the author of this book and he has classified all 78 best practices into 11 categories. In addition, this book introduces you to advanced-level Java concepts, like libraries, methods, objects, serialization, and classes.

Additionally, the book will introduce you to various popular Java libraries, including java.util, java.io, java.lang, and java.util.concurrent. Addison Wesley is the publisher of this book and it is available in Kindle and Paperback formats.

You can buy this book from here.

2. Java – The Complete Reference

As its name suggests, Java – The Complete Reference is the best book for learning Java programming. It is a 1000-page book that teaches each aspect of Java clearly and concisely. Initially, this book explains Java’s primary topics, like code compilation, debugging, execution of Java code.

Herbert Schildt is the author of this book and introduces you to intermediate Java concepts, like keywords, syntaxes, control structures, and constructs. In addition, you will also get to know the aspects of the Java API library, like the String library, I/O classes, Collections Framework, etc.

The author also explains Java servlets, Swing, and JavaBeans with understandable and straightforward examples. Additionally, Java – The Complete Reference enables you to develop an understanding of several advanced Java concepts, including multithreaded programming, lambda expressions, the Stream API, interfaces and packages, exception handling, and enumerations.

The book is available in Kindle and Paperback formats, and McGraw-Hill Education is its publisher.

You can buy this book from here.

3. Java Concurrency in Practice

Java Concurrency in Practice is one of the must-have Java books to develop an in-depth understanding of concepts like concurrency and multithreading. However, some concepts of this book may be challenging for beginners to understand quickly.

Tim Peierls, Doug Lea, Brain Goetz, David Holmes, Joshua Bloch, and Joseph Bowbeer are the authors of Java Concurrency in Practice. This book not only allows you to understand all theoretical concepts of concurrency and multithreading but also assists in developing scalable, maintainable, and reliable concurrent applications.

You will learn patterns, mental models, and design rules to develop concurrent Java programs effortlessly and efficiently. The authors have also described various approaches to developing thread-safe classes, do’s and don’ts for performance optimization, and introduced how to test concurrent programs.

The book also covers high-level concepts, like Java Memory Model, nonblocking algorithms, and atomic variables. Addison-Wesley Professional is the publisher of the book and you can buy it in Paperback and Kindle formats.

You can buy this book from here.

4. Head First Object-Oriented Analysis Design

The Object-Oriented Analysis and Design book helps you learn how to analyze, design, and develop robust object-oriented software. Such software is reusable, maintainable, and flexible.

David West, David Mclaughlin, and Gary Pollice are the authors of this book. They will help you understand how to utilize object-oriented principles, such as delegation and encapsulation, to build flexible Java applications. Additionally, you will get acquainted with various design patterns that can help you develop better software.

Through this book, you can also learn how to leverage UML, use cases, and diagrams to ensure that software under development meets stakeholders’ requirements. After finishing this book, you will develop a sound understanding of the Open-closed Principle (OCP) and Single Responsibility Principle (SRP).

Shroff/O’Reilly is the publisher of this book and it is available in Paperback and Kindle formats.

You can buy this book from here.

5. Head First Design Patterns

Head First Design Patterns is the best Java book for beginners that will introduce you to the most common design patterns to build elite, reusable, reliable, and fully functional software. Also, the book helps you find answers to many questions, such as why Composition is better than Inheritance and many others.

The book is written by three Java experts, namely Elisabeth Robson, Bert Bates, Eric Freeman, and Kathy Sierra. They have described concepts visually in the book, making it effortless for you to understand them.

Shroff/O’Reilly is the publisher of this book and it is exclusively available in Paperback format.

You can buy this book from here.

6. Core Java Volume I – Fundamentals

This Java book is ideal for you if you wish to develop sustainable and sturdy Java code. Also, the book will help you gain a practical understanding of core Java and API concepts with multiple realistic examples. The examples are compatible with Java SE 9, 10, or 11.

Cay S. Horstmann is the author of Core Java Volume I – Fundamentals. Some major Core Java concepts covered in this book include lambda expressions, exception handling, interfaces, etc.

With this book, you can learn how to use JShell’s read-eval-print loop (REPL) feature to develop code rapidly and quickly. Moreover, you will get in-depth knowledge about fundamental Java and UI programming concepts, including objects, Swing design, concurrency, collections, functional programming, and generics.

Prentice-Hall is the publisher of Core Java Volume I – Fundamentals, and this book is available in Paperback and Kindle formats.

You can buy this book from here.

7. Java: A Beginner’s Guide

It is a definitive guide for individuals new to Java programming as well as seasoned Java programmers looking forward to enhancing their knowledge and skills.

Herbert Schildt is the author of Java: A Beginner’s Guide. In the initial parts of the book, the author has focused on describing how to write, compile, and run Java code.

Later, he discussed Java’s syntax, keywords, and constructs. Also, the book talks about advanced Java concepts, like lambda expressions, multithreaded programming, Swing, modules, and generics.

One particular advantage of learning Java from this book is that it introduces you to Java’s interactive programming tool, JShell.

McGraw-Hill Education is the publisher of Java: A Beginner’s Guide, and it is available in Paperback and Kindle editions.

You can buy this book from here.

8. Head First Java

Head First Java is one of the simplest yet effective books to learn Java skills. This book assists you in learning Java concepts quickly as it explains them using strong visuals and puzzles. Also, it provides a detailed introduction to the fundamental and advanced concepts of Java and object-oriented programming.

Bert Bates and Kathy Sierra are the authors of Head First Java. The book introduces you to various essential Java topics, like network socket, threads, and distributed programming. The authors have designed this book in such a way that you can understand its content easily.

Head First Java book not only helps you understand Java basics but also educates you to think like a Java programmer. Shroff/O’Reilly is the publisher of this book and it is available in Paperback and Kindle editions.

You can buy this book from here.

9. Test-Driven: TDD and Acceptance TDD for Java Developers

Test-Driven is an essential book for individuals wishing to learn how to write quirky automation testing programs. It is a perfect solution for Java developers who have experience developing automation, unit, and integration tests.

Lasse Koskela is the author of Test-Driven: TDD and Acceptance TDD for Java Developers. Initially, this book introduces you to robust and commonly used test-driven development techniques.

Additionally, the author has explained concepts of test-driven development (TDD) and automation test-driven development (ATDD) with realistic examples that are compatible to run on the Java EE environment.

This book also exposes you to topics like data access code, multithreaded programs, hands-on tests to run Java code, avoiding typical TDD adoption drawbacks, and testing different Java EE components, like SpringControllers, Swing, etc.

Manning Publications is the publisher of this book and its print version comes with a free PDF, Kindle eBook, and ePub.

You can buy this book from here.

10. Java Performance: The Definite Guide

Java Performance: The Definitive Guide is one of the most desirable Java books covering the critical aspects of Java, such as Java Virtual Machine (JVM), garbage collection, and performance tuning.

Scott Oaks, a Java expert, is the author of this book. He has described how Java code behaves in the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) and how to tune the code to enhance its performance.

Additionally, this book allows you to get aware of a wide variety of processes, tools, and features used to enhance the performance of Java 7 and 8 applications. It introduces you to various techniques for handling JVM native memory and heap memory.

The book also comes in handy if you want to know how to use JSD tools, tune JVM garbage collectors, maximize Java threading, tackle performance problems in Java EE and Java SE APIs, and enhance the performance of data-driven database applications.

Shroff/O’Rielly is the publisher of this book and it is available only in the Paperback format.

You can buy this book from here.


Java is one of the most popular programming languages. One of the most significant reasons for Java’s extensive adoption is that it is free and open-source. Also, it is a versatile programming language that you can use for building robust and high-performance software for a wide range of devices. Also, Java can work extremely well as a server-side language, thus making it ideal for web development.

In this article, we have listed the top 10 Java books that can help you learn all the essential concepts to start working as a Java developer. Some of the books are specifically designed for beginners, whereas some are ideal for experienced programmers. Therefore, make sure to pick a book according to your experience and knowledge level.

People are also reading:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *