CRPF Full Form

By | December 21, 2021
CRPF Full Form

What is the Full Form of CRPF?

The full form of CRPF is Central Reserve Police Force, and it is an Indian Parliamentary Force. Also, it is one of the largest Parliamentary forces in the World. CRPF works under the directive of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) Government of India.

History of CRPF

CRPF was created under the British Government on 27th July 1939 as CRP (Crown Representative’s Police).  In 1949, CRP was renamed CRPF. The main role of CRPF is to work along with the respective police departments of Indian States and Union Territories to maintain law and order in the country. The motto of CRPF is “Service and Loyalty”.

In 1960, the reserve police battalions of many states merged with CRPF, and now they all are part of CRPF. Until 1965, CRFP guarded India-Pakistan Border. However, the Indian government later formed BSF (Border Security Force) specifically to secure the Indo-Pak border.

In 2001, during the Indian Parliament attack, the CRPF troopers killed all five terrorists who had entered the premises of the Indian Parliament in New Delhi. On 2nd September 2009, 5000 CRPF soldiers were deployed for a search and rescue mission to find the then Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister, Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, whose helicopter went missing over the Nallamalla Forest Range in Andhra Pradesh. Also, this was the largest search operation ever mounted in India.

Missions of CRPF

Following are the key missions of CRPF:

  • Work along with the state’s police and maintain peace.
  • Maintain law and order in all the Indian states and Union Territories.
  • To counter Naxal operations.
  • To conduct rescue and relief missions during natural disasters.
  • Deal with internal security.

CRPF Quick Summary

Formed 27th July 1939
Employee 313,634
Works Under Ministry of Home Affairs
Headquarters CGO Complex, New Delhi, India
Child Agencies
  • CoBRA(Commando Battalion for Resolute Action)
  • RAF(Rapid Action Force)
  • Special Duty Group
  • Parliament Duty Group
Motto Service and Loyalty


So, this was all about CRPF or Central Reserve Police Force. Hopefully, you have become familiar with the full form of CRPF along with its history and responsibilities.

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