HTML: HyperText Markup Language
HTML abbreviates for Hypertext Markup Language. Hypertext comes from the word hyperlink which refers to the connection between the pages. Markup refers to the defined elements to be the layout of the page and the elements within it. The language combines both the features to make it Hypertext Markup Language that is used to create web pages. Further, It is coded or written in the form of established HTML elements or components.
HTML is a skeleton to many websites and browsers performing on it and making it a user-friendly experience for the user. Few popular web browsers using HTML are:
- Google Chrome
- Mozilla Firefox
- Internet Explorer etc.
Tim Berners-Lee devised HTML in the late 1990s and the initial release was in 1993. Many HTML versions are there, currently, the HTML5 version is achieving fame because of its various extensive features few who are as follows:
Features of HTML5
- Video: possible to stream video and video elements from the website.
- Figure: Clear illustration of the visual contents like photos and diagrams.
- Section: divisional classification helps to keep the content on the web page organised in thematic groups.
- NAV: Establishes a link between two websites.
- Header: Allows to cluster introductory elements on a website like a logo, navigation items, search form, etc.
- Footer: Situated at the bottom of a webpage. They generally contain copyright information, links to social media and navigation items.
Example of an HTML Document:
<html> <head> <title> <!-- title bar --> </title> <!-- Header for the website --> </head> <body> <!-- Body section of the website --> </body> </html>
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