Linux vs Windows: Head to Head Comparison

By | May 23, 2020
Linux vs Windows

A person who is using window Operating system for the normal work such as surfing the internet, working with the doc and excels files would not prefer to switch to Linux because, the window provides a beautiful, and easy to use User Interface and on the other hand Linux has some complex file system management and most of the Linux work is done by using Linux Commands, which could be difficult for a user to handle.

But when its come to programming and other computer Science work, Linux become the number one choice for the professional and other intermediate developers, even the Linux Operating System is used by the server and most of the webpages run on the Linux Server, so for a web-developer having the knowledge of Linux also become very important.


Here in this article, we have Provided a Comparison Between Linux and Windows, so you could decide whether you want to stick with your Operating System or you will like to switch to the other Operating System.

What is Window Operating System?

Window Operating System is a series of Operating systems owned by Microsoft; the first version of windows was released in 1985. The first window operating system was the extension of MS-DOS (Disk Operating System), and it was one of the first Desktop operating systems which provided the user with a Graphical Interface.

Windows is considered one of the most vulnerable operating systems and by now it has thousands of active viruses.

What is a Linux Operating System?

Linux is an Open-Source, free to use Operating System that is based on UNIX. Linux’s first version was introduced in 1991 and like windows, Linux is also a GUI (Graphical User Interface) operating system, but most of its important work in down with Linux commands. Linux is used for Cloud Computing, Embedded Devices, Mainframe computers, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, and supercomputers.

Linux vs Windows: Head to Head Comparison

Linux Window
Linux is an Open Source Operating System, which makes it free to use for any purpose. We do not have to pay anything to install GNU/Linux.

Though many companies provide a paid version of the modified Linux Operating System, the root Linux is free to download.

Microsoft owns the series of Windows operating system and if you want the Windows OS in your desktop then you need to buy the specific window version.

Some vendors and online portal also provide the free version of windows, but they are all pirated and the Microsoft does not support any service, update, and security for those windows operating systems.

The latest distribution of Linux operating systems such as Ubuntu and Linux Mint are more user-friendly and provide a better Graphical User Interface, but yet for most cases Linux operating uses Linux commands which is hard for a normal user to interact with Linux. One of the main features of windows is, they are very user-friendly, and even a kid can operate and use the window with ease.

Windows provides a beautiful and easy to use Graphical User Interface, and a user can easily do his/her work via using windows icons and drag and drop option.

For a normal user, he/she does not need to care about all the complex terminal or command prompt commands, even without having the knowledge of windows terminal command a user can interact with Window.

Reliability and Security are the two assets of the Linux operating system. It comes with a very strong process management system and security, which makes it impossible for someone to breach it.

If you have ever used windows operating system, there you have defiantly faced the application collapse or application not open or application not responding problem, but in Linux, you do not face such type of problems.

And by far there are limited numbers of viruses that have affected the Linux operating system.

Though with every update Microsoft is improving the window, yet with each update, you face some new bugs and problems with the window operating system.

There is no doubt that the windows is less reliable as compared to the Linux operating system.

The main reason for window vulnerability is its user-friendly interface, its user-friendly interface leave window off guard in front of the external threats.

Source Code Accessibility
As Linux is an open-source package, here the user has full control over its source code. And if you know how to design a kernel you can customize the Linux operating system according to your needs. Every user cannot access the window source code only a group of few people who has authority can access it.
Device Supported
Linux is used for Cloud Computing, Embedded Devices, Mainframe computers, mobile devices, personal computers, servers, and supercomputers. Windows is used in desktop and personal computers.
Software and Applications
There are thousands of applications and software available for Linux.

Generally, all the popular applications such as chrome, Firefox, oracle, git, etc. are also available for Linux.

You can also run Windows applications on Linux via using WINE simulator.

Windows has the largest number of applications there are thousands of applications that can run on the window. If there is an application for Linux so there would be the same application for the window because the window is one of the widely used operating systems.

The source code of Linux is available for everyone yet Linux is more secure than Windows because if there is a problem in the operating system it could be identified and removed easily. With each update, Microsoft improves the security measure of the window, yet we can say that the window is not secure.

Windows has the largest user base which makes it vulnerable against malicious users and hackers.

These malicious users try to breach the window security by adding the virus in the system, and the source code of the window is not available for every user so if your system gets affected by the virus you cannot remove it simply.

File System
Linux is using a hierarchical structure to store files and directories, here the main directory is the root and all the folders and files store under the root directory. In Window files are stored in drives C: D: E: etc. and we can patrician any drive and create a new one.

Why you should choose Linux over Windows?

  • Linux is open source and you do not need to pay for it, on the other hand, you need to purchase the specific window version with its edition.
  • Linux is more secure than windows, there is no doubt that windows are one of the most vulnerable operating systems.
  • With every update of windows, it also affects the hardware if your system and you require extra hardware specification for each update, but with Linux, you can optimize and custom the update according to your system hardware.
  • For a programmer, Linux is the best operating system, because it is faster than windows.
  • You can easily customize your Linux operating system according to your need, but windows do not provide you with this feature.
  • If there some problems encounters in your Linux system you do not need to go to any expert just google the problem and there you get the best suggestion for your problem because in Linux you hardly find any problem which is new to anyone.
  • Your data is more secure in Linux, Microsoft is one of the 500 fortune companies and like google and Facebook, it collects your data.


Linux is more secure and reliable than Window, but the window is more user-friendly and easy to use which make windows more popular than any other operating system. Yes, there are some shortcomings of the window yet it has maintained its market and try to provide its user with a better experience.

For a normal user, Linux may be of no use, but programmers and developers leverage the Linux security and other features. Many people who work with the computer do not know anything about Linux, because the earlier versions of Linux were very complex to use.

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