What is HTTP – HyperText Transfer Protocol?

By | January 10, 2022

These days the Internet has become one the basic needs a human being, now every device is ready to be a part of the internet from watches to smartphone internet is everywhere. So, to make the internet secure and more efficient, there are many protocols (set of rules followed by the internet) associated with it. Here in this article, we will discuss one of the most important internet protocols i.e. HTTP.

What is HTTP?

HTTP stands for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, by its name we can guess this protocol is for transferring HyperText.

HTTP is an application protocol, used by WWW (World Wide Web).  This protocol is used to set communication between the client and the server.

It collects the HTTP request from the client and sends this request to the server and in response, the server sends an HTTP response back to the client. Due to its simplicity WWW adopt this protocol for the web pages.

What is HTTPS?

Whenever we use our web browser to visit a website so on the search bar, we could see HTTP or https before the domain name of any website. HTTPS stands for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure here s stands for secure which mean, that particular website is secure to visit and does not save any kind of malicious data.

HTTP Request Methods

As HTTP works on request and response model, so a client has many HTTP request methods to request the server for a response.

  • GET

GET request used to fetch data from the client and include it on the URL portion of the request.

  • HEAD

It is similar to GET request but it doesn’t have any response body. The Head request is mostly used to retrieve meta-information written in the response header.

  • POST

It has the same working as GET method but it does not save the data, instead directly send it to the server.

  • PUT

The PUT method is used to store enclosed data to a specified or supplied URL


This method used to delete the specific resource


This method is used to echo the request, so the client can see the changes in the server.


This method is used to check the functionality of the webserver.


It converts the request connection to transparent TCP/IP

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