“PHP or Node.js what should I choose?”, this is a question of every front-end developer having some experience with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript and now wants to update skills with back-end. Both PHP and Node.js are used to serve the backend of web development. Node.js is new to the web market but it is giving a hard time to PHP, with astonishing new features and API Node.js has become one of the most used tools for the back-end services.  Somewhere Node.js obsoleting PHP on a large scale, because many big tech companies like PayPal and Google using this tool for their backend development.

PHP vs Node.js

Here in this article, we will compare these two back-end tools so you can find an ideal tool for your project and yourself. Before comparing both let’s have a brief introduction of both the tools.

PHP

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is an open-source, a server-side scripting language which means it executes at server instead of the client device. It was released in 1995 and since then it serving the web as a back-end web development tool, according to a survey held on the internet reveal that more than 60% of website use PHP.  PHP is used to design dynamic web pages and it can be embedded in HTML pages.

Some of the famous Content Management Systems (CMS) like WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla use PHP and its framework. PHP has its own frameworks which also use to create dynamic web pages but in a more productive way.

Node.js

Unlike PHP Node.js is not a programming or scripting language, it is an opensource server-side JavaScript runtime environment. It is a child of Google, and work along JavaScript. As we know that JavaScript is a client-side scripting language and used for front end development, with the help of Node.js JavaScript has pushed its reach to the back-end development.

PHP Vs Node.js: Head to Head Comparison

PHP Node.js

Explanation:

It is open-source, server-side scripting or programming language It is a Server-side runtime environment for JavaScript, it is not a programming language, but it uses JavaScript as its programming tool.

Release Date:

It released on 8th June 1995 It released on 27th May 2009

Hosting Support:

All hosting services on Internet support PHP All hosting Services does not support Node.js but top ones do.

Hosting Expenses:

PHP cost cheaper than Node.js For Node.js you have to pay a little more

Request handling

PHP has a decent strength to handle multiple requests. Node.js possess more power in multithreading and can handle 2x requests as compared to PHP

Processing:

PHP works on Synchronous processing, which means it executes the code line by line. Node.js works on Asynchronous process, which means it executes all code at the same time, which makes it faster.

Compatibility with front end

Since the beginning, in the back-end development, we use PHP and it is quite compatible with front-end languages like JavaScript, yet it is a cause the problem between the front-end and backend developer working system. In Node.js we use JavaScript, which is a front-end development tool. Using the same language for the front as well as back end set a symphony between the backend and front-end developer. For the developer, it becomes easy to maintain the full-stack.

CPU intensive Application:

When it comes to high CPU intensive application PHP would be the first of the developer. PHP can handle graphics operation. Node.js works on single-threaded and it is an even-based environment which is not good at handling high graphic operations.

Databases:

PHP can work with popular databases like MySQL, MariaDB, PostgreSQL, etc It believes that Node.js has only companion MongoDB as a Database, but it can also work with other databases like MySQL, NoSQL, PostgreSQL, etc.

When To Use:

  • To create CPU-Intensive Applications
  • USED for LAMP stack API development
  • Used in
  • Used to develop high scalable server-side solutions.
  • Used to create mobile-friendly web applications.

 Big Tech Companies using PHP:

  • Facebook
  • Wikipedia
  • WordPress
  • Tumblr
  • Slack
  • Daily Motion

Big tech Using Node.js:

  • LinkedIn
  • Google
  • Uber
  • PayPal
  • Medium
  • eBay

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