C++ vs Python in 2020

By | February 23, 2020

It’s 2020, a new decade has been started and in the last decade many technologies relegated and many emerged. This cycle of dwindling old tech and emerging new one is not new that’s why it’s said in computer science focus on the logic and algorithms more than programming languages and technologies. Here in this article, we are going to compare two most prominent and powerful programming languages among them one is said to be the future of programming languages and another in the past and parent of many programming languages, the comparison of these programming languages is also very important because both the programming languages contain many vital disparities, and from a point of view of a developer a beginner should be aware of these features offered by each programming languages.

Difference between C++ vs Python

For a beginner, it becomes very tough to choose between these two programming languages because there are many mixed-in and biased answers on the internet if you search for which programming language is perfect for a beginner. We hope with this article a beginner would get a clear idea which programming language he/she should choose to start his/her programming journey in 2020. Before comparing both the programming languages let’s have a brief introduction of each programming language with some of their features.

C++

C++ is a general-purpose programming language and an extension of C programming language. The main objective of C++ creation to bring the concept of OOP’s in C programming language. Though C++ is a high-level programming language it is also considered as a low level or medium-level programming language because it is very close to the hardware of the system, in C++ developers has the manual control over the memory management, wherein High-level programming languages memory-management is supposed to handled automatically. As C++ is a high-level programming language which means it writes code in human-readable format, that’s why it requires a translator which translate it’s code human-readable code to machine language code for that C++ uses compiler which compiles the C++ code into a byte or binary code, which later executed by the system.

Some main features of C++

  • It is an extension of the C programming language and contains the concepts of Object-Oriented Programming.
  • It is used to build desktop applications
  • It is closer to the system hardware.
  • It uses a compiler to compile its code.
  • It is the building block for many other high-level programming languages.
  • It is a static-typed programming language
  • It is one of the fastest programming languages.
  • Small gadgets such as smartwatches, IoT sensors, etc. uses C++ as their programming language because it is lite and fast.
  • Many Institutes and Colleges prefer C++ as the first programming language for their students.

Python

In the last 10 years, Python has gained too much hype in Computer science, and now it has become the most popular programming language of 2020. The new buzzwords in the IT industry such as AI, machine learning and data science also boost the popularity of this programming language. Python was developed by Guido van Rossum, in 1991. Python is a general-Purpose, multi-paradigm, High-level programming language and considered one of the most simple and easy programming languages.

Other high-level programming languages use curly-brackets and semicolons in code while Python uses indentation which makes python code clean and easy to write.

Python is a dynamic-type programming language which means the data-type of the variable in python decided at the runtime.

Some main features of Python

  • It supports the concepts of Object-oriented programming.
  • It is a dynamic-typed programming language.
  • Python has many libraries which make it the most versatile programming language from web-development to Machine learning Python is everywhere.
  • It has huge community support.

Head to Head Comparison between C++ vs Python

C++

Python

Translator

C++ uses a compiler to compile its code Python use interpreter as a translator

Garbage Collection

C++ does not support garbage collection Python does support garbage collection

Memory Management

In C++ memory can be managed manually In python, memory managed automatically

Programming Type

C++ is a static-typed, here the data type of variable is defined along with variable definition. Python is dynamically typed language; here we do not need to define the data type of the variable

Performance

C++ is very fast as compared to Python, by fast mean C++ code compiled and execute fast. As python is dynamically typed so most of the operation takes place at runtime which makes python slow

Learning Curve

C++ is difficult to learn because it contains many core topics and concepts. Python is easy to learn.

Library Support

C++ does not too many libraries and packages. Python has more libraries (Pre-written codes) than C++.
Installation Process
It’s very easy to Install C++ in a system Installing python could be challenging.

Syntax

C++ uses Curly brackets to bind a block of code. Python Use indentation to bind the block of code.

Object-Oriented Programming

In C++ we have access modifies which define the private, public and Protected properties of a class In python, we do not have access modifiers in class, but the developer uses some conventional rules to describe private and public properties. For example, if the class property is started with a single underscore then it would be considered as the private property of the class.

Community Support

Though C++ is an old programming language it has huge community support. Python also has huge community support.

Which Programming language should a Beginner choose in 2020?

I have worked with both the programming languages, I started my coding journey with C++ then I shift to Python, just because it was one of the treading programming languages. While coding on C++ I get acquainted with various basic data structures that are missing in Python such as Arrays, though python has a built-in data type known as a list which can be used as an array, but the list itself a different concept and data structure.

On the basis of my experience, I would suggest a beginner learn basics of C++ first, then move to Python because python could look easy at first glance but when you go deep in python you will find it more confusing and complex. In C++ we have different implementation for different concepts but in python, all things are mix together. If you have no idea about constructor, destructor and static and dynamic binding which are very well defined in C++ you will get a hard time understanding the OOPs concepts of Python.

Conclusion

Both the programming languages have their own features, and most of their features are completely contradictory. C++ is the building block of Python, that’s why we cannot ignore C++, yet for software development and scripting developers use C++. It’s true that in the last 10-years python has gained too much popularity among developers and it is used everywhere, but C++ is also a very popular programming language though it does not have a bright future yet it is the number one recommendation for the beginners. C++ cover most of the core concepts of the programming language from procedural to object-oriented and from static to dynamic binding C++ cover every concept of computer science.

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