Longest Consecutive Sequence in Linear time

By | November 28, 2021

Problem

Given an array of integers. Find the length of the longest possible sequence from the array such that the integers of the sequence are consecutive integers. Recall that a “sequence” does not need to contain array elements adjacent to each other.

Sample Input

[1, 3, 4, 7, 2, 9]

4

Explanation

Below are the consecutive integers that we picked up from the array

[1, 3, 4, 7, 2, 9]

[1, 3, 4, 2]

As you can see, these integers are consecutive

Approach

We can use hash sets to solve this problem. For each element that is the starting point of the sequence, we will traverse the sequence until we find the consecutive integers. Below are the steps of the algorithm involved in this solution.

1. We first traverse the given array and insert each element in an unordered set.
2. We again traverse the array and for each element check if this is the starting element. For this, we just check if arr[i]-1 is present in the set. If arr[i]-1 is not present, it means this is the starting element of the array.
3. From this starting element, we keep incrementing the value until the value is not present in the set. If we find that the current value is not present, we update the answer.

Complexity Analysis

The time complexity is O(N) and the space complexity is also O(N) due to the set.

C++ Programming

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

int solve(int arr[], int n)
{
unordered_set<int> s;
int ans = 0;

// insert the elements
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
s.insert(arr[i]);

// traverse the array
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
{
// if current element is the starting
// element of a sequence
if (s.find(arr[i] - 1) == s.end())
{
// Then check for next elements
// in the sequence
int j = arr[i];

while (s.find(j) != s.end())
j++;

ans = max(ans, j - arr[i]);
}
}
return ans;
}

int main()

{
int arr[] = {1, 3, 4, 7, 2, 9};
int n = sizeof arr / sizeof arr;
cout << solve(arr, n);

return 0;
}

4

Java Programming

import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;

class Solution {
static int solve(int arr[], int n)
{
HashSet<Integer> s = new HashSet<Integer>();
int ans = 0;

// insert all the elements
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)

// traverse the array
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i)
{
// if current element is the starting
// element of a sequence
if (!s.contains(arr[i] - 1))
{
// check for next elements
// in the sequence
int j = arr[i];
while (s.contains(j))
j++;

if (ans < j - arr[i])
ans = j - arr[i];
}
}

return ans;
}

public static void main(String args[])
{
int arr[] = {1, 3, 4, 7, 2, 9};
int n = arr.length;

System.out.println(solve(arr, n));
}
}

4

Python Programming

def solve(arr, n):
s = set()
ans = 0

# insert the elements
for e in arr:

# traverse the array
for i in range(n):
# if current element is the starting
# element of a sequence
if (arr[i]-1) not in s:
# check for next elements in the sequence
j = arr[i]
while(j in s):
j += 1

ans = max(ans, j-arr[i])
return ans

n = 6
arr = [1, 3, 4, 7, 2, 9]
print(solve(arr, n))

Output

4 