Often when we write code in Python, we need to find out the square of a number, and in Python, there are various techniques you can use to do that. In this Python tutorial, you will learn how to square a number in Python.

**How to find the square of a Number in Python?**

A square of a number can be found out by multiplying that number by itself, and in mathematic it is represented as n^{2}, where n could be any number.

For instance, the 9 square will be represented as 9^{2 }and calculated as 9×9 =81.

In Python, there are 4 techniques we can use to calculate the square of a number.

- Using Python exponent or power operator **
- Using Python pow() method
- Using Python math.pow() method.
- And by multiplying the number by itself.

**Using exponent operator (**)**

In Python, we use the double multiplication symbol `**`

to represent an exponent or power operator. The `**`

operator needs two numerical values to perform the exponent operation. And to find the square of a number the operand or numerical value on the right side of `**`

operator must be `2`

.

**Example calculate the square of a number using Python ** operator **

num = int(input("Enter the number: ")) square = num ** 2 #num * num print("The square of ", num ,"is:", square)

**Output**

Enter the number: 10 The square of 10 is: 100

**Using the Python pow() method**

Python has an inbuilt method `pow(a,`

b), which accepts two parameters a and b, and return a result as a raise to the power b. The `pow()`

method stands for power and using this method we can calculate the power or exponent value of a number.

To find out a square of a number using `pow(a,b)`

method we need to specify the `b`

value to 2 and `a`

could be any number which power we need to find.

**Example: Using Python pow() method **

num = int(input("Enter the number: ")) square = pow(num, 2) #num * num print("The square of ", num ,"is:", square)

**Output**

Enter the number: 20 The square of 20 is: 400

**Using Python math.pow() method**

Python contains an inbuilt module `math`

for math-related operations, and in the Python `math`

module, we get `math.pow()`

method which can also find the power or exponent value of a specified number.

The working of `math.pow()`

method is similar to the Python `pow()`

method, the only difference is `math.pow()`

method returns a floating-point value whereas `pow()`

can return both integers as well as a float value.

**<Note>***click here to know the difference between math.pow() and python pow() method *

**Example calculate the square of a number using Python math.pow() method **

import math num = int(input("Enter the number: ")) square = math.pow(num, 2) #num * num print("The square of ", num ,"is:", square)

**Output**

Enter the number: 7 The square of 7 is: 49.0

**Using the Multiplication operator**

We can find the square of a number by multiplying the number by itself. So another approach is, use the Python multiplication operator and multiply the number by itself and you will get the square of the number.

**Example: Using Python multiplication operator**

num = int(input("Enter the number: ")) square = num * num print("The square of ", num ,"is:", square)

**Output**

Enter the number: 39 The square of 39 is: 1521

**Find the square of all values in a Python list/array**

By far we have learned how can we calculate the square of an individual number using different Python techniques. But many times, when we do Python coding we came across problems where we have to find the square value for every number present in the Python list or Python array. In that case, we can either use a Python for loop or map() function to perform the square operation on an individual element of the array.

**Example: Using list comprehension**

List comprehension provides a single line statement as an alternative for using multiline for loop and append method.

my_list = [10,23, 22, 21, 45, 67] sq_list = [pow(i,2) for i in my_list] print("The square list: ", sq_list)

**Output**

The square list: [100, 529, 484, 441, 2025, 4489]

**Example : Using Python map()**

Python `map()`

function is used when we want to apply a single function on the individual list element.

import math my_list = [10,23, 22, 21, 45, 67] sq_list = list(map(lambda num : math.pow(num,2), my_list)) print("The square list: ", sq_list)

**Output**

The square list: [100.0, 529.0, 484.0, 441.0, 2025.0, 4489.0]

**Conclusion**

In this Python tutorial, you learned how to square a number in Python using different techniques. Developers mostly use the exponent operator and pow() method to calculate the square or any other power of a number.

Using the pow(), exponent operator and math.pow() method you can not only find the square but also any power of the number.