Python Uppercase: A Complete Guide

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Python Uppercase: A Complete Guide

Vinay Khatri
Last updated on June 10, 2022

    In Python, we have a upper() method for string data values, which can convert all the lowercase letters to uppercase letters and return them. This method also has a sibling isupper() method that can check if a string contains only upper case characters or not. When dealing with string data in Python, we encounter many problems where we need to convert all characters to uppercase letters. For example, we are creating a Python program that accepts a username from the user and converts it all into uppercase so it becomes more readable. To perform such a task, we can take the help of Python upper() and isupper() methods. The isupper() method is optional still, we can use it as a first check if the user has entered any lowercase in the username. In this Python tutorial, we will discuss these two methods in detail and learn how to use them. We will also walk through the example solution for the above example statement to get a better idea of how to use these two methods in a Python program. So let's get started with a brief introduction of Python strings .

    Python String Overview

    A Python string is a collection of characters that can declare with the help of single 'string ' , double ""string or triple '''string''' inverted quotes. The Python strings are immutable data types, which means once we have defined a string value we can not alter the defined characters. And all the methods like upper(), lower(), replace() etc, does not change the actual string value instead they made the changes on the copy of the actual string and return it. Example

    original_string = "Hello World"
    
    # convert the string into uppercase
    new_string = original_string.upper()
    
    print("Original String: ", original_string)
    print("New String: ", new_string)

    Output

    Original String: Hello World
    New String: HELLO WORLD

    Python Upper Method

    Python string objects support an inbuilt upper() method, that can convert all the lowercase alphabets present in the string to uppercase alphabets. The upper() method does not accept any argument and it returns the string value after converting the letters into upper case. As Python strings are immutables, which means the upper() method does not convert the actual string values into uppercase, instead it copies the string values and convert them into uppercase letters and return them. With this, we get a new value of uppercase string characters and the original string value remain intact. Syntax

    string_name.upper()

    Example

    Let's create a Python program that accepts the username from the user and, converts the username into all uppercase letters.

    # input the username
    username = input("Enter Your UserName: ")
    
    # convert the username string to uppercase
    username = username.upper()
    
    print("Hello!", username)

    Output

    Enter Your UserName: Sourav kumar
    Hello! SOURAV KUMAR

    Python isupper() Method

    Python strings also support isupper() method, that can check if all the alphabets present in the string are uppercase letters. We can use this method before converting a string value to uppercase. Syntax

    string_name.isupper()

    The isupper() method returns a boolean value True or False after checking string value. It returns True if all the alphabets in the string are uppercase, even if a single character in the string is lowercase the method return False. Example Now let's create a program where we have a list of usernames and we only need to convert those usernames into uppercase that contain lowercase characters.

    # list of usernames
    usernames = ['Aarush Datta', 'ANHA BOSE', 'ArJun SuRa', 'BhavAna Krishnamurthy']
    
    for sno, username in enumerate(usernames):
          # if the username is not all uppercase
          if not username.isupper():
                username = username.upper()
    
          print(f"User {sno+1}: ", username)
    

    Output

    User 1: AARUSH DATTA
    User 2: ANHA BOSE
    User 3: ARJUN SURA
    User 4: BHAVANA KRISHNAMURTHY

    Conclusion

    Working with Python strings and converting them into uppercase is very common, that's why python comes with an inbuilt function that can convert a Python string value to upper case. The Python upper() is a string method that can convert a string's all lowercase values to upper case. Python string also provides an isupper() method that can check if the string only contains uppercase letters or not. And in this Python tutorial, we learned how to use these two methods. People are also reading:

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