How to Convert Python Files into Executables Standalone File?

By | February 21, 2021
How to Convert Python Files into Executables Standalone File?

When we write a Python program we require a Python interpreter to execute our code, and if we want to execute our code on another machine there we also have to make sure that it has Python installed in it.

Let’s say you have a Python program file .py and you want to convert that file into windows .exe executable file, so it can run on any window system without installing Python. So how would you do that? the first thought that comes to every naive and beginner learner mind is, “Just rename the .py  file extension to  .exe“, which is totally incorrect, by changing the appearance of a dog to lion won’t make it a lion.

Vamware

To convert the Python executable code to a specific operating system executable file like .exe we need a converter, and in this Python tutorial, we will learn how can we use the Python PyIntaller library cum command-line tool utility to convert our Python program to a stand-alone Executable .exe file.

In this tutorial, we will convert two Python programs to the executable .exe file. The first program that we will convert is a console output-based Python program, and the second program is the GUI-based Python TK inter program.

Before we convert the Program let’s install the Python Pyinstaller Library

To install the PyInstaller Library for your Python environment run the following pip install command on your terminal.

pip install PyInstaller

Convert a Console Based Python Program to Standalone Application

I am on the windows system, so I will be converting my Python console-based program to the corresponding .exe executable file. If you are on macOS or Linux your Python program will be converted to your corresponding Operating system executable file.

The console-based Python program that I will be converting is ConsloeProgram.py, that prints “Welcome to techgeekbuzz.com”.

#ConsloeProgram.py
 import time print("Welcome To TechGeekBuzz.com") time.sleep(60) #hold the screen for 60 seconds

In the above program, I have used the sleep(60) function that will hold the output .exe window for 60 seconds and after it, the window will destroy automatically.

Now It’s time to convert the above Python program to an executable.exe file. To convert the Python program file to a standalone executable file we execute the pyinstaller pythonfile_name.py command on the terminal or command prompt.

pyinstaller --onefile --console ConsloeProgram.py

In the above command, I have also used two flags --onefile and --console

--onefile will create a single executable bundled file.

--console will open the console window for I/O.

When you will run the above terminal command on your command prompt or PowerShell or terminal. Some new directories and files will be created in your Python Script directory.

And you will find the executable ConsloeProgram.exe program in the dist directory.

And when you will double click on the ConsloeProgram.exe file a new window will pop up with the program output.

Convert a GUI Based Python Program to Standalone Application

Now let’s say you have created a GUI based Python program using TkInter, and you want to convert the Python program to the corresponding executable .exe file so it could run on any Windows system without installing Python.

#GuiPython.py

from tkinter import *

root = Tk()
root.geometry("800x800")
root.title("TechGeekBuzz App")
root.configure(bg="#49A")

Label(root, text="WelCome to TechGeekBuzz", font="poppins").pack(pady=10)
root.mainloop()

Now run the pyinstaller terminal command followed by the required flags and filename GuiPython.py.

pyinstaller --onefile --noconsole GuiPython.py

the --onefile  flag will create a single bundle of the executable file.

--noconsole flag will not open the extra console window for the standard i/o. You should use --noconsole flag when you are converting the Python GUI program to an executable program.

After executing the Pyinstaller terminal command you can look for the executable file .exe file in the newly created dist directory.

To execute the GuiPython.exe just double click on the file.

Conclusion

In this Python tutorial, we learned how can we convert a Python file to an executable standalone application. The PyIntaller library is available for all the platforms that support Python, using this powerful Python command-line utility you can convert your Python program to an executable file, that can run on any similar operating system.

To know more about how PyIntaller library you can read its official documentation.

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