In basic Python, we deal with console-based applications, where the output of our Python program is displayed on the terminal with a black background and white text. But if you want to make an interactive and graphical application using Python, you need the Python GUI frameworks and libraries. With the help of Python GUI frameworks, we can create Graphical applications, that look interactive and robust as compared to a console-based application.
If you want to be a Python software developer, you need to learn some of the best and widely used Python GUI frameworks. Even if you are done with basic python and black and white output, and want to create a Graphical User interface application using python. Then you can also check these Python GUI frameworks for fun, and integrate your code logic with GUI frameworks.
Best Python GUI frameworks
Here in this article, we have listed the top Python GUI frameworks you can explore in 2021 if you want to create beautiful and interactive software using Python or just want to upgrade your basic python skills to intermediate or advanced level in 2021.
kivy is the most powerful and widely used Python GUI framework. It is an open-source framework, and you can download it for free and use it to build any type of software or application. It is a cross-platform framework which allows you to create such applications that can run on multiple devices including Android, iOS, GNU/Linux, Windows, and macOS.
Kivy is the most popular python framework which can be used for building Android applications. Kivy is also capable of building Raspberry Pi software. And it comes with many inbuilt extensions and widgets such as a mouse, keywords, TUIO, multi-touch, etc. If you are looking for a Robust Python GUI framework, then you can go with Kivy and it has well-written documentation.
Get started with kivy
It’s very easy to install kivy with anaconda
$ conda install kivy -c conda-forge
Click here to know how to install kivy using pip
from kivy.app import App from kivy.uix.button import Button class MyApp(App): def build(self): return Button(text='TechGeekBuzz') MyApp().run()
Tkinter is the commonly used GUI framework, and it is the standard GUI framework for Python. And many Python Data Visualization libraries use this framework to print graphs and charts. It is a very simple framework and highly used by Python intermediate developers to build solid GUI applications.
Its applications can be run on any platform that supports Python. And it comes with many inbuilt modules and widgets that will help you create interactive components such as buttons, labels, message box, frames, colorchooser, etc.
Get started with Tkinter
pip install tkinter
import tkinter window = tkinter.Tk() window.title("TechGeekBuzz") button = tkinter.Button(window, text='press', width= 20) button.pack() window.mainloop()
PyQT is a popular and powerful cross-platform Python GUI library, that is built on the C++ Qt GUI framework. With the help of this library, we can build GUI applications using Python. The latest version of PyQT is also mentioned as PyQt5, which is an upgraded version of popular PyQt4.
PyQT comes with a wide range of inbuilt Python modules. And it also contains modules such as QtXML, QtSVG and QtSql for XML, SVG, and SQL related files.
Get started with PyQt
install PyQt for your python environment
pip install PyQt5
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import QApplication, QLabel my_app = QApplication() label = QLabel('Hello World TechGeekBuzz!') label.show() label.show()
PyGame is a well-known Python library to build desktop-based GUI games and applications. PyGame is capable of building cross-platform python based video-games. It comes with a wide range of built-in graphical and sound libraries, that help developers build interactive and powerful games.
It uses the Simple Direct Media Layer (SDL) library, which allows developers to create real-time computer game with the optimization of low-level C programming language and derivation. PyGame based applications and games can also be run on Android mobiles and tablets with the help of PyGame Subset for Android (PGS4A)
Get Started with PyGame
pip install pygame
import pygame window= pygame.display.set_mode((500,400)) done = False while not done: for event in pygame.event.get(): if event.type == pygame.QUIT: done = True #red window background window.fill((255, 0, 0)) # green circle pygame.draw.circle(window, (0, 255, 0), (250, 250), 75) pygame.display.flip()
wxPython is a cross-platform Python GUI API, which is written in C++. It allows Python developers to build graphical interactive and robust programs. It contains many Python extension modules that wrap around GUI components from the popular wxWidgets library. It is one of the popular Python GUI APIs which refer to as an alternative for Python Standard GUI Tkinter library.
It is an open-source API, which means everyone is free to use it for the deployment and development of a python-based GUI application.
Get Started with wxPython
use the pip install command to install wxPython in your Python environment
pip install wxPython
import wx my_app = wx.App(False) window = wx.Frame(None, title="TechGeekBuzz! Hello World") window.Show(True) my_app.MainLoop()
There are not many cross-platform GUI frameworks and libraries in Python. Although Python is doing great in other domains such as web-development, Data Science, Machine Learning, and Artificial intelligence, but in mobile, and desktop-based application development python is still behind, as compared to other programming languages. You can learn and explore these GUI Python libraries and frameworks for fun and increase your python skill.
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