The web development industry has come a long way and is currently ruling over the world. While every business strives to have an online presence, the rate of website development has increased tremendously.
Previously, it was challenging and backbreaking labor for developers to create beautiful yet responsive websites. However, the advent of frameworks has facilitated the process.
A framework serves as a foundation for building applications. It provides a basic structure, and developers, with their programming skills, add more features to create a fully-functional application.
In short, a framework eliminates the need to write code from scratch, i.e., write the source code for low-level functionality. It lets you focus more on your application's core logic and functionality.
If you are a novice front-end developer looking for a framework to create unique user interfaces for your websites, you are at the right place.
This article lists the best HTML frameworks that help you create responsive, elegant UIs.
10 Best HTML Frameworks To Use in 2023
Here is a curated list of top HTML frameworks that can help you build responsive web applications and websites:
1. Twitter Bootstrap
GitHub Stars: 162K
Additionally, the HTML framework comes with built-in custom jQuery plugins that you can use to develop web applications or websites effortlessly. These plugins offer additional UI elements, like carousels, tooltips, dialog boxes, etc.
GitHub Stars: 29.4K
Also, the Foundation framework is readable, flexible, and customizable. It consists of two parts - Foundation for Sites and Foundation for Emails.
- Foundation for Sites is packed with exceptional features and functionalities to help web developers build content-based websites quickly and efficiently.
- On the other hand, Foundation for Emails enables users to produce responsive HTML emails. These emails can be read from anywhere and from any device.
Moreover, it assists users in assessing how clients are using HTML and offers various tested patterns compatible with Outlook.
As Foundation is a customizable framework, it enables developers to add or delete various elements, define the sizes, colors, and font sizes of columns, and so on. Moreover, Advanced Foundation allows developers to learn XY grid skills and automate tasks using ZURB’s build system.
GitHub Stars: 18.8K
An open-source and lightweight HTML framework, Skeleton, is developed by Dave Gamache using Sublime Text and Sketch . This framework is ideal for those working on small projects that only need a limited number of functionalities.
However, Skeleton does not come with many components like Bootstrap or Foundation. Instead, it only provides basic CSS rules, helping beginners to kick-start their projects. This front-end framework supports all major browsers, including Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, Firefox, and Opera.
One of the best characteristics of Skeleton is its grid system. It consists of the mobile-first 12-column grid system consisting of rows and columns. Skeleton 2.0 supports two extensions, Skeleton on LESS and Skeleton on SaaS.
Furthermore, utilities in Skeleton are packed with predefined patterns and styles. Therefore, this web framework assists developers in producing responsive web pages effortlessly.
4. HTML5 Boilerplate
GitHub Stars: 54K
HTML5 Boilerplate incorporates various components, such as Google Analytics snippets, a mobile-friendly HTML template, and a touch-device icon. In addition, developers can benefit from Normalize.css , a cutting-edge alternative to CSS resets that fixes the most common bugs in projects.
5. HTML5 Kickstart
GitHub Stars: 1.2K
This framework is free to download and is open-source. It supports different browsers, like Internet Explorer 9 and 10+, Firefox 30+, Chrome 35.0+, and Safari 8+. Moreover, it provides robust UI components, like navigation bars, buttons, responsive grid layouts, scalable icons, and slideshow components.
6. Montage HTML5 Framework
GitHub Stars: 1.5K
This open-source HTML5 framework facilitates the development of single-page applications . Its principal objective is to simplify the development and maintainability of HTML5 applications.
Users can access standard DOM interface components and opinionated UI components to create rich graphical user interfaces. Additionally, the framework enables users to combine different properties of components and controllers. It offers a great user experience by synchronizing DOM updates and developing reusable UI components and modules.
Montage HTML5 Framework offers a variety of functions, such as serialization, string and value manipulation, and more. It also provides various tools, like Minit and Initializer, that offer a developer-optimized experience. Additionally, it comes with a command-line tool that converts developer-optimized experience into Montage Optimizer, a user-optimized experience.
GitHub Stars: 2.1K
It offers built-in tools that make it easy for developers to build appealing websites. It offers numerous application functions, like server interaction, property bindings, event handling, data management, and views. Some other features of SproutCore are auto-spriting, build tools, MVC components, state charts, localization strategy, and collection views.
8. Onsen UI
GitHub Stars: 8.7K
The last pick for our list is Onsen UI. It is an open-source HTML5 mobile development framework that has helped thousands of PhoneGap and Cordova developers. It is one of the most valuable and efficient frameworks enabling users to develop HTML5 hybrid and mobile web applications.
This framework incorporates an array of rich UI elements, such as side menus, tabs, and stack navigation, allowing web developers to use them for mobile web applications.
In addition, beginners can quickly learn using it, as Onsen UI provides numerous learning resources, like documentation, a community forum, and interactive tutorials.
Zebra is an open-source UI framework that utilizes HTML5 Canvas for rendering. It follows the principles of object-oriented programming . It offers a broad spectrum of UI components that work on various devices.
The UI of Zebra is quite different from other popular web development frameworks. It is not developed using CSS, DOM, or HTML. Instead, all UI components of Zebra are rendered from scratch.
Users can develop responsive and interactive websites using Zebra and render any UI design. Also, you can use it to create responsive and fully customized HTML templates.
This web framework supports all major and latest browsers, such as Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, Safari, Internet Explorer, Firefox, Cordova, and Opera. Furthermore, the JS library can seamlessly integrate with other applications, such as Adobe Animate and Zoe.
HTML frameworks play a vital role in developing responsive websites in less time. Using these frameworks significantly reduces web developers' repetitive and mundane programming tasks, which helps them save time and effort.
We have listed some of the most popular HTML frameworks and discussed their key features. They are open-source and free to use. We recommend you choose one according to your project requirements.
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