JavaScript vs PHP: Which One to Choose in 2022

By | October 19, 2021
JavaScript vs PHP

For a web developer, PHP is replaceable with other back-end tools, but one cannot just ignore JavaScript. Though there are various frameworks of JavaScript trending these days, JavaScript is irreplaceable. Even comparing PHP and JavaScript (JavaScript vs PHP) is not fair as both serve completely different purposes. Nonetheless, the main focus of this article would be to list down the main difference between PHP and JS.

JavaScript has Node.js, which uses JavaScript at the server-side, and because of this JS tool, we can compare the role of JavaScript with PHP. Here in this article, we have provided a simple and comprehensive head-to-head comparison between JavaScript and PHP that enumerates the differences between the two powerful web development tools. But before comparing them, let’s have a brief introduction to each.

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What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a powerful scripting language developed by Brenden Eich. It is one of the main pillars of front-end development along with HTML and CSS. We call it a scripting language because it can be embedded within an HTML page. JS also follows the concept of object-oriented programming, and its code gets interpreted by the browser itself, which makes it a client-side programming language.

To run JavaScript code, we do not need to install any compiler or interpreter. A simple web browser is enough to execute JS code. Compared to other front-end tools, JavaScript covers a large portion of web development. It has many powerful frameworks, such as Angular, React, Vue, and Node.js. Also, Node.js has extended the limits of JavaScript to back-end development and server-side scripting.

Features of JavaScript

  • It is an object-oriented scripting language.
  • Gives user control to manipulate the HTML content.
  • Lightweight and easy to learn.
  • JavaScript is one of the best programming languages of 2022.
  • Usable for both front-end or back-end web development.
  • JS is an interpreted programming language, which makes it easy to debug.
  • It has various powerful libraries.
  • It can handle time and date.

What is PHP?

PHP stands for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor. Developed in 1995, PHP is a general-purpose, server-side scripting language, which means its code executes at the server. Though these days we have many other server-side scripting tools, more than 82% of websites are built on PHP.

It is used to build web applications. No matter whether it is a small or big application, PHP can build any web application. Nonetheless, PHP is much famous for developing content management systems (CMS). Leading CMSs like WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla are built on PHP.

PHP is a server-side scripting language that makes it slow compared to JavaScript because the code executes at the server-side and then sends the response to the user in HTML format. This whole process of executing a file at the server-side and sending response slows PHP code execution.

Features of PHP

  • It is an open-source programming language.
  • PHP is an interpreted language, which means its code executes line by line.
  • It is easy to learn.
  • It is platform-independent.
  • PHP is a dynamically typed or loosely typed programming language.
  • It is used to create dynamic web pages.
  • PHP has the capability to access the database.
  • It can be integrated with relational databases, such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle Database.

JavaScript vs PHP Similarities

Though both PHP and JavaScript are used for different purposes, they share some similarities. Before discussing JavaScript vs PHP, let’s first understand these:

  1. Interpreted Programming languages – Both languages are interpreted programming languages.
  2. Scripting Languages – Both are web scripting languages and can be embedded inside an HTML page.
  3. Open-Source – PHP and JavaScript are free-to-use, open-source programming languages.
  4. Object-Oriented Programming – Both programming languages follow the concept of object-oriented programming.
  5. Case-Sensitive – Both the programming language are case-sensitive.
  6. Platform-Independent – JavaScript and PHP are platform-independent and can run on any operating system.

JavaScript vs PHP: A Head-to-Head Comparison

JavaScript

PHP

Created

JS was created by Brendan Eich in 1995. PHP was created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994.

Scripting Technology

Although JavaScript is a client-side technology, it can be used at the server-side with NodeJS. PHP is a server-side technology.

Code Execution

JS code executes at the client-side and inside the web browser. PHP code executes at the server, and then the response is sent back to the user.

Learning Curve

JavaScript is easy to learn, but as we go deep in JavaScript, its frameworks can be complex to understand. PHP, on the other hand, is difficult to learn, and its frameworks make it more complex to use.
Code Security
There is no code security in JavaScript. Thus, any user can see the JavaScript code. As PHP code executes at the server, it provides more code security, and the user cannot see the code.

Threading

JavaScript is a single-thread programming language. PHP is a multi-thread programming language.

Database:

JavaScript cannot access the database directly. It needs an environment to do so, such as Node.js. PHP can easily access a database to create dynamic web applications.

Plugins

JavaScript can link with HTML, XML and Ajax. PHP is limited to HTML for linking.

JSON

JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation, which is a data format to send data, and JavaScript and Node.js use JSON more effectively. PHP can also use JSON, but not that effectively like JS.

 JavaScript vs PHP: Which Programming Language Should I Choose?

It does not matter whether you want to be a full-stack developer or only a back-end developer; you cannot ignore JavaScript. You can be a full-stack developer using JavaScript only, but you are limited to only back-end development if you only use PHP. Also, in the past few years, PHP has lost its position as the top backend tool as now there are many other tools in the market that are performing better than PHP.

So to be a web developer, we suggest you learn JavaScript and one or more of its frameworks. You do not need to learn everything in JS. Once you are done with JavaScript, you can move to any backend tool. It could be either PHP or any other popular back-end technology. For a beginner, however, PHP is one of the best back-end development tools.

Conclusion

That sums up our JavaScript vs PHP comparison. Both the technologies have specific purposes, but if we look in terms of popularity, JavaScript has the edge over PHP. Many popular programming indices rank JavaScript as the number one programming language. So with this article, we hope you get a better idea of which one to choose between PHP and JavaScript in 2022.

If you like this article and want to share your feedback with us, do so via the comments section below. Your feedback will help us to improve this article.

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