What is Python?
First introduced in 1991 by Guido van Rossum, Python is one of the most trending languages out there. From the beginning, it is a high-level language that follows the concept of object-oriented programming. As it is an interpreted language, Python reads the source code line by line and executes it as the same.
In the current scenario, Python is the only sorted and popular language after Java . The versatile nature of Python makes it more powerful than every other programming and scripting language. In addition to developing desktop and web applications, Python also has its applications in data analysis, scientific analysis, machine learning, task automation, data visualization, and 2D and 3D game development.
In the late 1980s, Guido Van Rossum started the development of Python as a successor to the ABC language. He released the first version of Python, i.e., Python 0.9.0, in 1991. He was the sole leader who took responsibility for developing the Python project and continued to maintain the Python language till 2018. Because of his work and dedication to the Python project, he was called Python's "benevolent dictator for life".
After many years of the release of Python's first version, Guido released Python 2.0 in 2000, which included many brand-new features. The year 2008 witnessed the release of Python 3.0. However, many major features of Python 3.0 were backported to Python 2.6.x and Python 2.7.x.
One of the major releases in Python 3.0 was the
utility, which automatically translates Python 2 code to Python 3. The latest and stable version of Python is Python 3.9 as of 2022.
The following are some of the remarkable features of Python:
- Object-Oriented: Python supports all four concepts of object-oriented programming, namely inheritance, encapsulation, abstraction, and polymorphism. Being an object-oriented language, everything in Python works like an object, along with its properties and methods. It is not centered around functions and logic.
- High-Level: Since Python is a high-level language, developers do not need to concentrate on managing the memory and remembering the system architecture.
- Extensible: It is an extensible language because it is possible for developers to embed Python code into C or C++ code. More interestingly, we can compile that embedded Python code into C or C++ languages.
- Interpreted: As Python is interpreted, the interpreter reads each line of the code and executes it immediately. This makes debugging Python code easier than in other languages. Also, there is no need to compile Python code, which saves time.
- Portable: It is a portable language because the Python code you write on the Windows platform can run on macOS or Linux platforms without the need to make changes.
- Standard Library: The standard library is so comprehensive that it provides a wide range of functions and modules to accomplish various tasks.
- Dynamically Typed: Python is a dynamically typed language. This means that there is no need to define the data type of variables while declaring. The Python interpreter automatically determines the data type of variables at runtime.
#Hello world on Python print(“hello world”) #output hello world
Advantages of Python
- It is quick and easy to learn compared to other object-oriented languages .
- It supports multiple platforms.
- The syntax of the language is well organized and easy to read.
- It is a dynamic language, so you do not need to define the variable datatype.
- It has a large community.
- Supports the OOPs concepts.
- It has a large number of libraries .
Disadvantages of Python
- Python doesn’t have good multi-core and multi-processor capabilities.
- There is a limitation to accessing the database.
The year 1993 witnessed the release of the first web browser named Mosaic, which had a very vital role in the popularity of the World Wide Web. In the following year, the Netscape Corporation created a more polished browser called Netscape Navigator.
However, during those years, web pages could only be static. They did not have the ability to change content when they are loaded in the browser dynamically. To overcome this drawback, Netscape decided to add a scripting language to Navigator. To do so, they had only two options, as follows:
- Collaborate with Sun Microsystems to embed Java.
- Hire Brendan Eich to embed the Scheme language.
- Case Sensitive: JS is a highly sensitive language. All variable, function, and keyword names and identifiers should follow consistent capitalization.
#Syntax for popup alert box on the browser <script> alert(“Hello world”); </script>
- It can run on any browser.
- It is very easy to learn.
- It has a vast community around the world.
- It has a rich interface due to the drag-and-drop components.
- Even a single error can stop the whole site interface.
- It does not have the concept of reading from the file or writing to the file.
|Python files can run on Windows, Linux, and macOS, but to do so, you need to download a Python interpreter .||It is platform-independent, and thus, it can run on all platforms. JS just needs a browser to run.|
|It uses indentation to indicate what block of code a statement belongs to.||JS uses curly braces.|
|It has the concept of mutable and immutable data types.||JS does not have the concept of mutable and immutable data types.|
What programming language you should choose among the two depends on what you want to do with the programming languages .
- Why do you want to learn this language?
- Are you up to building some amazing dynamic web pages, or do you want to work on artificial intelligence?
- Do you want to be a data analyst or just want to learn code?
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