Best Python Libraries Every Developer Should Know in 2023

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Best Python Libraries Every Developer Should Know in 2023

Vinay Khatri
Last updated on December 14, 2022

    Python is one of the trending programming languages with rapid growth in Artificial Intelligence, and Machine learning python has gained too much popularity in the past few years. Python's popularity is not only because it is used in Machine learning or data science, but it also has an insane number of libraries which opens the use of Python for any development.

    With Python, we can do web development, scripting, game development, Data Science stuff, and so many extra things. Its simple syntax helps developers to implement complex algorithms with ease.

    Here in this article, we have mentioned the top 10 Python libraries which are heating the developer community and trending topics like AI, ML, Data Science, and lots more.

    What is a Library?

    A library is a collection of pre-written code that you can import into your code to add some extra functionality. We use libraries, so we do not have to write code from scratch. Instead, we use a library so we can use the pre-written code, functions, or classes and use its functionality to enhance our code.

    Python has many libraries, and for different development, we have different libraries in Python. All the libraries we have provided here belong to the Python 3 version because Python 2 is no longer in use.

    10 Best Python Libraries

    Here is the list of the most popular python libraries that you should check in 2023

    • TensorFlow
    • Pandas
    • Scipy
    • Matplotlib
    • Numpy
    • Pytorch
    • Requests
    • Beautifulsoup
    • Pygame
    • Pillow

    What are Python Libraries?

    Python libraries are those python files that contain pre-written code, so you can grab that pre-written code and use it in yours; this increases the code reusability.

    Best Python Libraries

    1. TensorFlow

    Machine Learning is not hype anymore. It's the reality of the future, and the future is all about Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. TensorFlow is the most popular library used to build Machine learning Models. It is an end-to-end open-source library, and many other programming languages also support this Library because of the increasing popularity of Machine Learning.

    Google and Google develop it uses this Library to build their AI models. TensorFlow can store an algorithm in a cube and array-like structure and perform a tensor operation on them. Even in neural computation, developers use TensorFlow because it is very good with the new algorithms.

    TensorFlow features

    • TensorFlow is an open-source library.
    • We can develop ML models very quickly with TensorFlow because it uses high-level APIs.
    • This library can create models for different platforms
    • It comes with a simple and flexible architecture.
    • It has a sizeable expert community.

    2. Pandas

    Pandas is a Data Analysis library primarily used for data science applications. It is an open-source library and by far counts among the most famous libraries of Python; it has a large community across the globe who are using this Library to create new projects. This Library is also used to create Machine learning Models because of its data handling features; it uses high-level structure and many algorithms to analyze the data. Even developers use this Library to sort complex data.

    Pandas Features

    • Provides High Performance
    • Easy to use the Library
    • It has many built-in methods
    • It also provides a graphical interface

    3. NumPy

    NumPy is also one of the most famous python libraries. If you are an intermediate python developer, you must have heard of this Library because this Library provides one of the most basic Data Structures that every high-level programming language should have. Python does not have a built-in array Data Structure though it has a Data Structure called list, which looks similar to an array but does not perform all the operations that an array is supposed to do. Apart from the array, it also provides many mathematical functionalities like a matrix (which is also a part of the array).

    NumPy Features:

    • This Library has good documentation
    • Provides many mathematical functionalities to Python
    • It is straightforward to learn
    • Play a very vital role in Data Science

    4. SciPy

    SciPy is similar to NumPy with some distinction, though NumPy and SciPy both support many standard features, yet we use SciPy when dealing with a large number of data and stats. This Python library is commonly used for Data Science using Python; it is also an open-source library with tremendous community support. It is a collection of many mathematical algorithms, but it is specifically used to solve statistics problems. Many other libraries are used for data science, but SciPy is the simplest.

    SciPy Features

    5. Keras

    It is an open-source and High-level neural Network python library commonly used for deep learning algorithms and experiments. This library is written in Python itself, making it capable of running on top of other Machine learning libraries used by Python. Keras also use Theano and TensorFlow at the backend to perform many tasks. The main drawback of Keras is its speed compared to other machine learning libraries; slowly, developers do not consider this Library for their projects.

    Keras Features:

    • Keras has many features like compiling models, processing data-sets, visualization of graphs, etc.
    • It provides a modular approach to our models.
    • It is entirely based on Python that's why it is easy to debug

    6. Theano

    It is also a powerful python library used for machine learning, Deep learning, and Data Analysis. It has many mathematical algorithms, and it also comes with multi-dimensional array support, which can be used for complex data.

    Theano Features

    • Theano can integrate with NumPy.
    • It can perform many complex mathematical functions.
    • It can evaluate expression faster as compared to other Python's machine learning libraries

    7. Scikit-Learn

    Another library is well known for Machine learning and Data Science. This Library is built using NumPy, SciPy, and matplotlib libraries that explain the Data handling power of this Library. When it comes to a massive amount of data and complex data, the developer considered this Library to handle that. This Library comes with many built-in algorithms and training methods like regression.

    Scikit-Learn Features

    • Scikit-Learn has many inbuilt methods for cross-validation.
    • It is a compelling library for Unsupervised learning Models.
    • It also provides the graphical interface

    8. Matplotlib

    This library is used to provide a graphical interface to the user. Matplotlib is used with NumPy and SciPy libraries because the main job of this Library is to plot 2D graphs for various filtered data. First, we use the NumPy and SciPy or any other data analysis library to sort the data; then, we use this Library to get a proper graphical view of that data. This Library helps to analyze the data in a fun way so even a non-programmer person can also read the data.

    Matplotlib Features

    • Help to plot a graphical interface for the generated data.
    • This Library is fun to use
    • It can plot various kinds of graphs like a bar graph, a pie graph and lots more
    • This Library is elementary to learn

    9. Pygame

    If you want your python skill to make games, you can use the Python PyGame library. PyGame library is ideal for building games for the windows and Linux platforms. However, we can not use this Library to make 3D games. This library is ideal to use for intermediate developers who wants to increase their Python skill. Moreover, they can use this Library to develop fun games.

    PyGame features

    • It has good documentation
    • You can create 2D games
    • It has a low learning curve

    10. Request

    Request library is the most helpful Library for python frameworks. Approximately every python web framework uses this Library to send a request to the HTTP server. The request library helps us send organic HTTP requests without any manual changes.

    Request Features:

    • International Domains and URL's
    • Keep-Alive & connection pooling
    • A session with cookie Persistence
    • Browser-style SSL verification

    11. BeautifulSoup

    Beautifulsoup library is a perfect solution to scrape information from a web page, make HTTP request beautifulsoup library work along with requests library and retrieve data from a web page in the form of HTML or XML parser. It can also retrieve API data if API data is present on the web page. This Library is fun to use, so we suggest you go through this library documentation and explore it.

    pip install bs4

    Beautifulsoup Features

    • Use the API of a website.
    • It can access the HTML of a web page to extract useful information.

    12. Pillow

    It also stands for Python Image Library(PIL), developed by Alex Clark and their team. This Library helps add support for opening, manipulating, and saving different image file formats. Many Python libraries and frameworks use this Library if they handle an image file. With pip install pillow shell command, we can install a pillow in our system.

    Features of Pillow:
    • Open-source Library.
    • Deal with images
    • It can handle any image format.
    • Filter image
    • Create thumbnail
    • Blur an Image


    In the above article, we have mentioned Python's top 10 libraries, mostly about Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning, because these fields have a more promising future.

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