PHP and Python both are the high-level languages but more specifically PHP is used as Back-end scripting language and Python is a Purely Programming language. PHP is only used for making web applications and Python needs Python Frameworks to develop web applications. When it’s come to making a dynamic web application, people often use PHP as compared to Python. But with the emerging future of Python languages and its frameworks, developers are rapidly moving towards Python over PHP. Although for a web developer it is very tough to choose between PHP and Python. PHP claims that more than 70% of the websites using PHP like back-end web development.
What language should a Beginner choose PHP or Python?
Before choosing between the Python and PHP the beginner must have the knowledge of what’s it’s up to. If you want to be a back-end web developer or want to create a dynamic web application, you can choose PHP instead of Python. But if you are choosing PHP for the web development keep in mind that you should have some experience with coding. At least you should know the basic programming languages such as C or C++. This will help you to understand PHP easily. Choosing PHP as the first language is not a good move.
You can also create a dynamic web application on python but for that, you need to learn the python frameworks. PHP also have frameworks for web development but those are not necessary to create a web application or for web development. If you want you can learn the PHP Frameworks too to complete your PHP projects easier and faster, though you can make web application without using the PHP frameworks. But in the cases of python, you cannot make web application without using Python frameworks. There are many python frameworks written on python that you can use for web development. Django and Flask are the two most famous Python frameworks used by the developer for web development. For this too you should have the programming knowledge of Python.
Yet you are not sure that you want to be a web developer or you want to learn programming languages for another purpose such as for desktop application or for Data analysis. You can go with Python; the main thing is PHP is limited with the web application you cannot go further with PHP the web is the endpoint of the PHP but not with python; python is everywhere you can mould your future to anywhere with python.
PHP vs Python: Head to Head Comparison
|Language type||High level||High level|
|Specific type||Scripting Language||Programming language|
|Used for||Web Applications
Data Analyse etc.
|Pricing||Open source Free to download||Open-source free to download|
|Platform||Use server hosting||Interpreter|
|Applications||Localhost (Apache, etc.)||Python Interpreter|
|Application to run||Browser (Chrome, Internet Explorer)||cmd, and IDE|
PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor)
PHP was first introduced in 1994 and it is created by Rasmus Lerdorf. PHP was initially announced as “Personal Home Page”. PHP was never meant to be a programming language but with time and more work on PHP, it became a Programming language.
Python is one of the most emerging programming languages of 2019. Although it is under-hyped the future of python is looking very bright. Developers are moving to python for the completion of their project and the community of python is increasing day by day.
Guido van Rossum developed Python in 1989. In Past 2 years the popularity of python is raised tremendously as compared to other programming languages. The simple syntax and less jargon of rules make it easier to learn and its versatile nature attracting other developers to code on it. Python is everywhere if we discuss python on web development here python is way behind to other programming languages or frameworks. Internet claims that less than 1% of website use python web framework.
Difference between Python and PHP
As we discussed above python is a programming language and PHP is a server-side scripting language.
2. Easy to learn
When it comes to ease of learning the programming languages no one can beat Python. Python is the easiest programming language. If you already have some experience with a programming language such as C or C++, you will find PHP easy in the beginning but when you go deeper in PHP its syntax become complex then you will find some difficulty to understand it.
If you are totally new to the programming language you should pick Python as your first programming language.
Both are the high-level languages and all the coding is in English.
Now when it comes to the complexity of the syntax, the syntax of the PHP is similar to the C language which is easy to read and understand but a little bit complex than C. In PHP semicolon and brackets leads to the error which often very hard to find.
On the other hand, the syntax of the Python is very simple as compared to PHP. Python use indentation instead of brackets which make it easier to read and make it a little bit error-proof.
Python provides more flexibility than PHP.
Both languages have a number of frameworks. Django and flask are the two most famous frameworks of Python, but PHP has more frameworks than Python and many of those are more famous than Python Frameworks.
When a developer has to choose between the frameworks of Python and PHP so there will be no surprise that the developer goes with PHP frameworks. In the term of frameworks, PHP frameworks are better than Python.
6. Popularity and Future
Both the languages are the pretty popular languages out there. But when we compare the Popularity level of both the languages, PHP is way more popular than Python to serve the web.
PHP rule the web with 80%. Big players such as Yahoo, Facebook, Wikipedia, Flicker, and Tumblr and lots more prefer PHP instead of Python.
Python is not famous yet on the web, it is Google who is hyping the Python for the AI technology. Now companies like Reddit, Pinterest, YouTube, Instagram, and Spotify choosing the Python Platform for their Projects.
Future of both the language is quite good. PHP is dominating the web right now but it would be surprising when Python take over the web. But if you want something apart from the web you can choose Python. Both languages serve a high paid career.
7. Documentation and Libraries
Both the languages have well-organized documentation on their official website. Python has more libraries than PHP
Advantage and Disadvantage of Python
- It is easy and quick to learn.
- It supports multiple platforms to run and a platform like Mac it comes pre-installed.
- The syntax of the language is well organized and easy to read.
- It is a dynamic language so you do not need to define the variable datatype.
- It has a large community.
- It supports OOP’s concept.
- It has a large number of Libraries.
- Python does not do multi-core and multi-processor well.
- There is a limitation to access the Database.
- It is slow as compared to other languages such as JAVA.
Advantages and Disadvantages of PHP
- Open source and free to use.
- Easy to learn for those who already have some experience with programming.
- Large and experienced community across the world.
- Provide extensive database support.
- It will execute the code on the restricted environment.
- It supports every operating system.
- It can be only used for web purposes. You cannot create a desktop application with it.
- Finding the error part is very hard.
- Objects use the CallByValue method by default.
- The PHP is not that secure.
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