Java Developer Salary in India and Other Countries

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Java Developer Salary in India and Other Countries

Simran Kaur Arora
Last updated on July 13, 2024

    Java is one of the most popular programming languages among developers because of its versatility and features. It is a general-purpose, class-based, and high-level programming language for developing a variety of applications.

    Moreover, Java is a suitable choice for developing desktop, enterprise-grade, and mobile applications, games, big data technologies, and cloud-based applications.

    Today, organizations and companies are leveraging Java for developing enterprise and business applications. As a result, Java developers are in great demand. As Java developers play a significant role in the development of enterprise applications, companies hire them by offering high salaries.

    If you wish to kick-start your career as a Java developer and want to gain insights into the salary of a Java developer, you have landed in the right place.

    This article intends to make you familiar with the salary of a Java developer. Also, it will help you learn the roles and responsibilities of a Java developer and the essential skills to become a Java developer.

    So, let us get started.

    Who is a Java Developer?

    A Java developer is an IT professional who is responsible for designing, developing, and managing applications using Java. In other words, a Java developer is responsible for writing clean and readable Java code, which results in the development of robust applications.

    Not only are Java developers responsible for writing code, but they are part of the entire software development process. From writing code to solving errors, a Java developer ensures the successful development and deployment of Java applications.

    Roles and Responsibilities of a Java Developer?

    A Java developer is responsible for performing multiple tasks throughout the life cycle of applications, from concept initiation and development to deploying and maintaining applications. In addition, the roles and responsibilities of Java developers vary depending on the project they are working on.

    The following are some key roles and responsibilities of Java developers:

    • Planning, designing, implementing, and managing the Java application process.
    • Writing code for Java-based applications.
    • Conducting software analysis, testing, and debugging .
    • Identifying production and non-production issues in applications.
    • Converting requirements into an agreement.
    • Designing, developing, testing, and maintaining applications.
    • Propose changes to enhance the previously planned Java application process.
    • Develop technical designs for application development.

    Skills Required to Become a Java Developer

    Becoming a Java developer is not a child’s play. It requires you to possess an array of skills, along with your keen interest in the Java programming language. Moreover, your skillset is the primary aspect that every employer will validate before hiring you as a Java developer, and based on it. They offer you a salary.

    Along with technical or domain knowledge, Java developers should also be excellent at soft skills. Here, we have divided the Java developer’s skillset into two major categories, namely technical and soft skills.

    Technical or Hard Skills

    The following are some of the essential skills that one must possess to become a Java developer and earn a high salary:

    • Core Java: You must have an in-depth understanding of object-oriented principles, design patterns in Java, abstract classes, interfaces, and serialization.
    • Java Build Tools: These tools help developers to automate the development of executable applications. So, as a Java developer, it becomes essential to have a solid understanding of popular Java build tools, such as Maven and Gradle.
    • Java Web Frameworks: Frameworks provide a foundation for building applications. Therefore, it is essential for you to possess an understanding of popular Java web frameworks, such as Spring and JavaServer Pages.
    • Libraries: There are a lot of Java libraries out there. You should be familiar with the popular Java libraries, such as Google Guava, Maven, Apache Commons, etc.
    • Java Testing Tools: Testing tools help Java developers to ensure that the applications they develop meet specific requirements and quality standards. You must have basic knowledge of Java testing tools , such as TestNG, Selenium, and JUnit.
    • Version Control System: It is essential that you must have a basic understanding of the popular version control system, such as Git.

    Besides, having experience working with some Java projects would be an added advantage because it will demonstrate that you are familiar with Java frameworks, libraries, build tools, and testing tools. Hence, an employer is more likely to hire you as a Java developer.

    Soft Skills

    Along with technical skills, soft skills are equally important. These skills demonstrate that you are able to work well with people, perform well under pressure, and adapt to any situation.

    The following are the soft skills that you need to possess to become a successful Java developer:

    • Communication skills
    • Open to learning
    • Teamwork
    • Interpersonal skills
    • Time management
    • Good research skills
    • Leadership
    • Adaptability

    Why is Java the First Choice of Developers and Companies?

    As discussed earlier, Java is a versatile language. One of the best features of Java is WORA (Write Once, Run Anywhere). Once you write and compile a Java program on one Java-enabled system, it runs on all other Java-enabled systems without the need to recompile it.

    Moreover, Java is an ideal language for developing scalable, robust, and multi-tiered applications for business requirements. Therefore, most organizations use Java to create small as well as end-to-end enterprise applications.

    The following are some significant reasons for Java being the first choice of developers and various companies:

    1. Unmatched Speed and High-Performance

    Java comes with a Just-in-Time (JIT) compiler, which enables Java developers to create high-performance and high-speed applications quickly. This compiler has the responsibility to optimize Java-based applications at run time. It interacts with a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) and converts the bytecode into machine code.

    Moreover, the Just-in-Time compiler compiles the code on demand. Meaning that it compiles only the method which is being called, which saves time and increases efficiency.

    Twitter is a popular application that has shifted from Ruby on Rails to Java for scalability and high performance.

    2. Robust

    Java is a robust programming language as it supports automatic garbage collection, avoids the use of the explicit pointer, handles run-time errors, and supports exception handling.

    In addition to these features, Java comes with a robust memory management system. It checks the source code both at the runtime and compiler time. Hence, it becomes easier to fix errors quickly.

    When it comes to automatic garbage collection, Java automatically deallocates the memory blocks. There is no need for programmers to deallocate those blocks, just like in C and C++.

    3. Secure

    Java is one of the most secure programming languages. For many other programming languages, there is a security risk since there is a possibility of malicious attacks.

    However, Java has the feature of access modifiers that check memory access and prevent malicious viruses from entering a Java applet.

    Another major reason why Java is secure is that it does not support explicit pointers. As a result, it is not possible to access any variable without properly initializing it.

    4. Backward Compatible

    One key reason for companies to choose Java over other programming languages is its backward compatibility. Every programming language provides updates, but the work you perform on the previous version gets nullified, i.e., you need to write the same code for the new version of the language.

    This is not the case with Java. There is no need for programmers to rewrite the code for future versions of Java. The code you write will run on all the versions of Java.

    Java Developer Salary

    Java’s admirable features have captivated companies and organizations to choose it as their primary programming language. Therefore, they hire skilled Java developers and also offer attractive salaries. However, the salary of a Java developer depends on four major factors, namely experience, employer, location, and skillset.

    Let us discuss the salary of a Java developer based on these factors.

    Java Developer Salary Based on Experience

    An experienced Java developer is obviously well-versed in all the technologies required for developing Java-based applications. As a result, the salary of experienced Java developers is higher than entry-level developers.

    In India, the average pay scale of entry-level Java developers is around INR 4 lakhs per year. Java developers with four to nine years of experience can earn an average of INR 8 to INR 10 lakhs per year. Furthermore, the average annual salary of Java developers with more than 10 years of experience is around INR 13 to INR 15 lakhs.

    From the above numbers, we can conclude that experience plays a vital role in deciding the salary of Java developers.

    Java Developer Salary Based on Location

    The location is another factor that decides the salary of Java developers. In India, Bangalore, Pune, Delhi NCR, Noida, and Chennai are the popular IT hubs. Therefore, there are a lot of opportunities for Java developers in these cities. Mostly, metropolitan cities provide more job opportunities than small towns. However, there might be a little difference in the salaries of Java developers working in different metropolitan cities.

    Java Developer Salary Based on Skillset

    Skillset is one of the most significant factors in determining the salary of Java developers. Since there are various Java technologies, such as Spring, J2EE, Microservices, Hibernate, etc., the pay structure varies accordingly.

    The following table highlights some different skillset of Java developers and their respective average salaries:


    Annual Average Pay Scale


    INR 5.1 lakhs


    INR 5 lakhs


    INR 4.6 lakhs


    INR 4.8 lakhs


    INR 7.5 lakhs

    JavaServer Faces (JSF)

    INR 5 lakhs


    INR 6.5 lakhs


    INR 7.7 lakhs

    Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)

    INR 10 lakhs


    Java Developer Salary Based on Employer

    There are a lot of IT giants in India that employ Java developers. Some well-known tech companies in India are Tata Consultancy Services Limited, Infosys Limited, Wipro, Capgemini, Oracle, Deloitte, Accenture, IBM India, and HCL Technologies. In addition, there are also various startups that hire Java developers.

    Therefore, all the aforementioned companies have different pay structures for Java developed based on their experience. The following table provides you with insights into the pay structure of Java developers that different tech giants offer:


    Pay Structure (Per Annum)

    Tata Consultancy Services

    INR 4.5 lakhs to INR 8 lakhs


    INR 5.5 lakhs to INR 8 lakhs


    INR 5.7 lakhs to INR 8 lakhs


    INR 6 lakhs to INR 10 lakhs


    INR 4.5 lakhs to INR 9 lakhs


    INR 5.8 lakhs to INR 8 lakhs


    INR 7.5 lakhs to INR 10 lakhs

    IBM India Ltd.

    INR 4.5 lakhs to INR 10 lakhs

    HCL Technologies

    INR 5.6 lakhs to INR 11 lakhs


    Java Developer Salary in Other Countries

    Here, you find an insight into the salary range of Java developers in different countries.


    Annual Pay Scale

    United States

    $52,000 to $122,000

    The United Kingdom

    £27,000 to £65,000


    AU$85,000 to AU$136,000


    C$47,000 to C$98,000


    €36,000 to €67,000



    So, this was all about the salary of Java developers based on various factors. If you want to work in the IT industry as a Java developer, you can surely earn a good salary. The most important thing you need to focus on while working as an entry-level Java developer is to gain experience. Once you gain experience, companies will offer you lucrative packages.

    Besides the salary, we have also made you familiar with the skills required to become a Java developer. Make sure you possess most of the skills that we have mentioned in this article to kick-start your career as an entry-level Java developer.

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    To start your career as a Java developer is both wise and lucrative. Since many businesses and organizations have made Java their first choice, they hire skilled Java developers and offer handsome annual salaries.

    Java is not a difficult language to learn. It is relatively simple to learn Java if you are familiar with C and C++. However, if you start learning Java right away, it may appear difficult. The most effective way to master Java is to practice a lot. When you learn concepts and put them into practice, you will find Java to be both interesting and simple.

    You can begin by reading books. There are numerous Java books available that provide in-depth knowledge of every Java concept. You can also enroll in an online Java course, where you will gain hands-on experience working on projects and receive a certification upon completion.

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