Top 10 Web Development Frameworks of 2020

By | May 16, 2020
Web Development Frameworks

Are you done with basic programming in Python, PHP, JavaScript, Java or any other programming language, and want to update your skills in 2020 to set a career in web development? Learn web-frameworks to boost up your career as a web-developer choose the popular frameworks from below and get started with your journey. Mostly all tech-companies use web-frameworks to build dynamic web applications rather than writing the code in a specific programming language from scratch. Choosing a web development framework is not accessible if there are a ton of them, and it’s not even easy to switch from one web development framework to another if their core programming language is different. For example, switching from Flask to Django is easy because they shear the same programming language python, but switching from Django to Laravel could be difficult because Laravel is based on PHP and to learn Laravel you need to learn PHP first.

What is Web Development Framework?

A web-framework is a collection of libraries which is used to build a dynamic web application, a framework contains prewritten code, which calls our system and executes it. Using a web development framework, we can build web-services, web-resources, and web APIs that can be deployed on the world wide web — the primary purpose of using a web-framework to increase productivity by automating the web-application.

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A framework contains many libraries, and the backend frameworks even have the ability of database access, templating, and session management.

Types of Web Development Frameworks

In general, web-frameworks are classified into two categories front-end and backend frameworks, though some of the structures give support for both ends, and those are known as a full-stack framework.

Here in this article, we have provided the top 10 Web Development frameworks you can learn in 2020 to enhance your skills:

Top Front End Web Development Frameworks

1. Angular

Angular

  • Front-End web-framework
  • Developed by Google
  • Language JavaScript and Typescript

Angular is the best front-end web framework, not only because Google develops it, but also of its growing community and adaptation by other tech-giants. Angular was established in 2009 as AngularJS, which used JavaScript as its programming languages, but in 2016, Google completely rewrites the Angular. Since then, Angular Use Typescript as its language, typescript, is similar to JavaScript, and it is also considered as the superset of JavaScript.

As it is a front-end web framework so we can only make client-side dynamic webpages using Angular, and google itself uses this beautiful and powerful framework to build client-side dynamic pages.The learning curve of Angular is steep because it contains many controllers, directives, libraries, and other components, which you need to learn if you want to add Angular skills in your inventory.

One of the main features and applications of Angular is, we can use this framework to build single-page applications because it is based on MVC architecture(Model-View-Controller). Many projects require real-time applications on the front-end using angular for that task because it supports two-way binding, which means if the application data changes simultaneously, the User interface of that application will also change.

Advantages

  • With angular, we can quickly develop an application.
  • Support MVC architecture.
  • Two way binding a perfect choice for real-time applications
  • The ideal framework for single-page applications
  • Fast-growing community

Disadvantages

  • Steep learning curve
  • Slow processing
  • Does not have a well-organized documentation
2. React

React

  • Front-End Library
  • Developed by Facebook
  • Language: JavaScript

React is not a web-framework, but we have mentioned it here because it serves the same purpose as a web-framework. React is a JavaScript library developed by Facebook, which is used to build front-end web applications, and it is the perfect rival of Angular web-framework; we often compare React with Angular and these two technologies fight head to head to be on the top of front-end development tools.

Using React, we can create single-page applications, and even the mobile app can be made using react, and this is one of the react’s major features because many front-end frameworks and libraries do not give proper support for mobile web applications. As React is a library, so it does not support many features like other front-end frameworks, that’s why to build a proper single page application, React integrates with other libraries for state management, routing, and interaction with API.

Advantages

  • It’s virtual DOM support fast manipulation in the document.
  • It can be integrated with other libraries
  • Support for mobile web-application

Disadvantages

  • Does not have well-organized documentation
  • Complex structure than JavaScript.
3. Vue.Js

Vue.JSVue.js is one of the popular frameworks of JavaScript and has gained a lot of popularity in the past few years in spite of not being developed by a big tech company. Vue.js came into existence in February 2014 and is developed by Evan You.

Like React, and Angular, Vue.js can also be used to create a single page and user interface web-applications. It is based on Model-View-Viewmodel (MVVM) architecture. Unlike angular and react, Vue provides better documentation, and learning Vue is also easy. Yet many developers don’t choose Vue for their projects because big-tech such as Google, Amazon, and Facebook does not support it.

Advantages

  • Fast Development
  • Small size
  • Easy to maintain
  • Easy to learn
  • Can be integrated with other applications

Disadvantage

  • Does not have stable tools
  • Does not support by tech-giants
4. Ember

Ember is of the top best frameworks used by professional developers to build front-end web applications, like Vue.js Ember, also based on MVMM architecture.

Many trending websites such as Apple Music, Square Inc., Discourse, LinkedIn, Twitch, etc. have used Ember to build their front-end.

Ember was released on 8 December 2011; primarily, it was written in JavaScript, so it is a cross-platform JS framework. Though Ember is capable of creating dynamic client-side applications, it can also be used to build mobile and desktop applications.

In 2015 Ember was announced as the best front-end framework even big tech companies such as Google, Amazon, Facebook have also used Ember for their projects.

Advantages

  • High Performance
  • Better development
  • Well maintained documentation.
  • Support Code debugger.

Disadvantage

  • Steep learning curve
  • Not ideal for small projects.
5. Backbone.js

BackboneBackbone.js is a lightweight and efficient JavaScript library, yes it is not a web-framework, yet this library is powerful enough to build single-page web applications, like other front-end web development frameworks.

Jeremy Ashkenas developed it in 2010, and it is based on MVP (Model-View-presenter) architecture as it is a library, so it does not contain all the components to build a fully-fledged web application, so it gets integrated with JS and Unserscore.js for developing and designing.

Advantages

  • Ideal for small projects
  • Beginner-friendly
  • Well organized documentation
  • Easy to learn and implement

Disadvantages

  • Cannot create a sophisticated and high-quality application
  • Dwindling community

Back-End Web Development Framework

6. Django

DjangoDjango is the most popular Python framework, which is used to build dynamic web-application. There are thousands of projects on GitHub, and Stack overflow which signify the popularity of Django amongst the developer community. Django is so popular because it is built on Python, which itself is the most demanding Programming language of 2019-20.

Django works on the DRY principle and follows MVT (Model-View-Template Architecture), the DRY policy of Django signifies the rule “Do not Repeat Yourself,” which promotes the concept of code reusability.

A huge community supports Django, and its regular updates keep its developers stick to it and also attracting new developers. Many famous organizations such as Instagram, Disqus, and NASA use Django for the back end.

Django consists of a lot of features such as inbuilt validation, Authentication, Messaging, etc. Django mostly used to build robust and high-quality applications robust you can also do small projects on it, yet it is highly suggested for big and complex projects.

Advantages

  • Fast Development
  • Inbuilt Authentication tool
  • Provide security
  • Huge Community
  • Well organized documentation

Disadvantages

  • Slow processing
  • High Learning curve
7. Ruby on Rails

RubyRuby on Rail is one of the oldest and popular backends web development framework, based on Ruby programming language. More than 800,000 websites are built on Ruby on Rails, which include some of the popular sites such as Airbnb, GitHub, Hulu, Groupon, etc.

Using this framework, we can implement complex algorithms to solve the web development problem. As it is one of the oldest web-framework, so it has a considerable community supporting it, and it also consists of many powerful libraries and tools for web-app development. One of the significant features of RoR is, you can build a cloud-based application using this framework.

Advantages

  • A vast number of libraries and tools
  • Fast development
  • Automation
  • Huge Community

Disadvantage

  • Slow Processing
  • It does not have proper documentation.
8. Laravel

LaravelLaravel is an ideal framework for PHP developers who wants to upgrade their PHP skills to the next level. PHP itself used to build powerful backend web applications, and laravel gives a boost to PHP development.

It supports the Model-View-Controller architecture, which makes it easy to learn, yet if you choose Laravel for your project, you need to know PHP first.

It is developed by Taylor Otwell as an open-source framework and initially released in 2011. PHP is one of the popular scripting languages, and it covers about 82% of the web, which makes its structures accessible too.

Advantages

  • Consist of PHP newest features
  • Well organized documentation
  • Integrated with mail services
  • Cache backends

Disadvantages

  • Does not support Payment gateway
  • Not suitable for mobile applications
9. Spring

Spring FrameworkJava also has a popular web development framework that accepts Java as a programming language to build web-application. Java is using frameworks for a long time for backend development because of its fast performance and high-quality application development.

Spring is based on Model-View-Controller architecture, no matter what, sooner or later, every java developer use spring to explore the limitation of Java. Many popular websites such as Wix, Ticketmaster, and Bill Guard have used spring and Java for their backend development. Using Java at the backend also justifies the quality of backend because Java itself is the most popular programming language, and the performance of Java is way better than Python.

Advantages

  • Build on Java
  • Flexible
  • High Performance
  • Easy to maintain

Disadvantages

  • High learning curve
  • Unstable
10. Express.js

ExpressjsIf you are a JavaScript developer and want to extend your skills to the backend, you should learn Express.js, which is a Node.js API and web app development framework. So by learning only JavaScript, you could become a full stack developer.

Many big companies such as Uber, IBM, Accenture, etc. have adopted Express for their backend development. It is an Open source Node.js web development framework; that why it is not a beginner-friendly; to learn Express, you have to go through Node.js first, which itself a very complex backend tool.

Advantages

  • Flexible
  • Used for API development

Disadvantages

  • High learning curve
  • Great callbacks.

Conclusion

To be a full stack web developer in 2020, we suggest you learn two frameworks, one from front-end and one from-back end. You can choose that framework which corresponding programming language you know; for example, if you know how to code in Python, you should select Django. All the frameworks are capable of doing the same thing. It’s on developers which structure they want, mostly all the developers want frameworks according to their prior programming language.

If you like this article or have any suggestions regarding web development frameworks, you can tell us by commenting down below.

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One thought on “Top 10 Web Development Frameworks of 2020

  1. Soufiane Hamani

    Thank you for this article presenting the different web development frameworks !

    Reply

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