How to Become a Software Developer

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How to Become a Software Developer

Vinay Khatri
Last updated on May 30, 2024

    Software development/ engineering is an essential computer technology field in the world. As we know that many software companies are creating new ways of success in various businesses. Therefore, a software developer needs to adapt and create new technologies in software.

    There is no single path to achieving a software developer job because there are various ways to be a professional software developer. As we all know that starting a career is not a natural way, but it is essential to have a clear mind towards your destination. A clear mind can help you to cross all obstacles on your career road. First, you need to set your mind that:

    • You want to make your career as a software developer
    • You want to work as a software developer at a multinational company (MNC)
    • You want to work in a team as a team member for developing technology.

    How to Become a Software Developer

    Now, there are some key factors that are required in a software developer. These factors are related to your knowledge and education, so let's discuss these factors in brief.

    How to Become a Software Developer

    1. Learn essential languages

    Software engineering/development majorly focuses on coding, but it is vital to understand various languages and their functionalities. So there are multiple languages necessary for software development, and they are:

    • Python
    • Java
    • C#
    • Ruby
    • JavaScript
    • C++

    2. Appropriate degree and certification

    To become a software developer, you need a degree in the field of computer science or other related courses. You must have at least a bachelor's degree to start your career as a software developer/engineer. The hiring team will ask you different questions (related to data, codes, and algorithms) in the interview round, so it is crucial to have appropriate theoretical knowledge in this field.

    3. Collect the best study material

    As we know that educational books are becoming outdated, and they are not updated according to software development. Most importantly, all the training institutes give theoretical concepts so that students can learn important things in software engineering.

    However, there is a website, StackOverflow , that offers various Q&A for developers and learners. Users can search questions according to their problem space, language, or technology. Apart from it, websites like CodeWars and CodinGame provide a bunch of programming solutions that can help you to test your skills.

    4. Read codes that are written by skilled developers

    Another essential aspect of becoming a good software developer/engineer is reading codes by other developers. You can learn it easily by visiting various websites such as GitHub repositories. Sometimes documentation can be wrong, but most of the source codes are accurate. Therefore you should go for these websites and learn to read codes and understand them correctly.

    5. Join a software developer/engineer community

    There are a lot of communities available in which you can learn to be successful as a software developer. These communities can help you to understand the focus of learning in the development field. Apart from it, websites such as Meetup are an excellent choice for finding other professionals.

    6. Create different projects

    You have to start creating various projects in various languages you are suitable with. With this work, you can improve your learning and mold yourself as a potential employer. As you learn different programming languages , then you need to create a project because you can build a professional network through your projects.

    7. Master your interview skills

    Now, after having all the knowledge, you need to focus on your resume because it plays an essential part in hiring. You have to make sure about three things:

    • Resume
    • Cover letter
    • Your online presence.

    Hiring HR managers always look for these things to shortlist candidates based on their skills. Furthermore, cover letters are required when you apply for jobs online, so try these things to make a positive impression.

    8. Proof yourself in the Job Interview

    Now it is the time to be in the interview, so firstly, most IT companies start their interviews on the internet. Secondly, you have to face a telephone interview. If you fortunately clear both interviews, then you can go for a face-to-face interview.

    9. Take the Job Offer

    After you successfully complete all rounds of the interview through your skills and knowledge, then you will possibly get the job offer. You need to select the offer that can improve your career.

    Required Skills for a Software Developer

    There are various skills required to become a good software developer because these skills help you to do fantastic software development processes. So let's discuss all of the required skills in brief:

    1. Algorithms and Data Structure:

    It is an essential skill that is required to be a successful software developer in any company. This skill helps you to check the issues and solve them through coding because algorithms and data structure are the heart of programming.

    2. Programming languages

    If you want to become a good software developer, then you must understand the programming languages in depth. There is various programming language, such as Python, Java, C#, Ruby, JavaScript, and C++, and you have to work on these languages based on the software development requirements.

    3. IDEs (Integrated Development Environment)

    IDEs provide an option to write, run, modify, debug and compile your code, so a software developer must know about IDE. IDE helps you to boost up your work because it has lots of techniques to improve the work. There is various IDE available, and these are based on the type of programming languages like:

    • For C, C#, and C++ users: Code::Blocks and Visual Studio is available
    • For Python users: PyCharm, Jupyter notebook, or Spyder notebook are available.
    • For Java users: IntelliJ IDEA Eclipse and NetBeans are available.

    4. Databases

    If you are a software developer, then you must know and understand the database works because databases play a significant role in developing software. The developer must know all types of operations, such as recording, creating, inserting, updating, and deleting the database.

    There is no argument that SQL is the most famous classic database among developers. You can become a good developer through the basic knowledge of writing SQL queries. There are various database tools available, and some of them are MongoDB, Oracle, Redis, PostgreSQL, and Cassandra.

    5. Operating System

    A good software developer must know about the mechanisms and fundamental rules of various operating systems. You have to deal with many issues, and you need to work on a different operating system. Hence it is good to have appropriate knowledge of the operating system that you are working on. Most developers prefer Linux, Windows, and Mac to obtain the best results possible.

    6. Other Skills

    A software developer requires having appropriate knowledge of the SDLC Software development life cycle because it is a systematic process for developing software and ensures quality and correctness.

    Apart from that, a developer needs a good knowledge of Microsoft Excel because it is beneficial for tracking progress, checking data quality, analyzing data, and maintaining data for the project.

    Responsibilities of a Software Developer/Engineer

    • Developing software system testing and validation methods:
    • Directing software programming leads
    • Managing the development of all types of documentation.
    • Working with clients and cross-functional departments to communicate project proposals.
    • Analyzing datasets to efficiently organize the installation of newly developed systems or the alteration of existing systems.
    • Maintaining the lifecycle of software development.
    • Monitoring system administration.
    • Communicating critical project data with team members and creating coherence among teams.
    • Developing and completing project plans.
    • Implementing statistics and mathematics in problem-solving actions.
    • Implementing best methods and conventional operating procedures.
    • Building innovative solutions for meeting the technical needs of the company.

    Other Factors of a successful Software Developer/Engineer

    • The software developer must act in an appropriate way that can be beneficial for the organization.
    • Ensure the quality of software meets the professional standards
    • The requirement to manage integrity as well as independence in the professional approach.
    • Promote a conventional approach to the process of software development
    • A good software developer must be supportive of their colleagues


    Software development or software engineering is a procedure to analyze the needs and design, create and test the software application that can fulfill the needs. Hence it is essential to have complete knowledge and skills so that a person can fit into the criteria of a software developer. It is not an easy job because you have to find rapid changes and develop the system according to the requirements.

    However, you can reach the milestone if you follow these simple steps discussed above. We have provided complete information to be a successful software developer so that you can achieve your dreams on the right path.

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    A software developer is an IT professional who specializes in designing and creating computer programs. They leverage their problem-solving and analytical thinking skills to provide solutions to various real-world problems. While some software developers focus on building operating systems, some have their interests in creating desktop or web applications.

    The essential skills to become a software developer are data structures and algorithms, databases, programming languages, IDEs, text editors, operating systems, version control systems, and SDLC.

    Many organizations today hire software developers holding a bachelor's degree in computer science or relevant fields. So, you must consider pursuing a bachlor's degree that requires you to invest 4 years. Further, you can pick your interesting programming languages and master them through courses or certification, which may require additional three to six months.

    Some common roles that are associated with a software developer are web designer, web developer, application developer, multimedia programmer, IT consultant, Cybersecurity specialist, and information systems manager.

    According to Payscale, a software engineer with 1 to 4 years of experience earn a median salary of $72K per annum, whereas one with more than 5 years of experience makes an average of $85K per year.

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