10 Best NodeJS Frameworks to Use in 2022

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10 Best NodeJS Frameworks to Use in 2022

Vinay Khatri
Last updated on September 12, 2022

    JavaScript is a well-known programming language that is designed to execute on the client side. However, if we want to run JS on the server side, we require an environment that enables the execution of the JavaScript code outside browsers. For this purpose, we have NodeJS, which is a JavaScript runtime environment, and NodeJS frameworks.

    JS is the most prominent programming language for front-end development and is mainly used to create dynamic websites and web applications. As it is a front-end technology, its code executes on the client side. In simple terms, the JS code executes in browsers.

    Over the past few years, JavaScript has emerged as one of the most popular programming languages . Also, with the rapid technological advancements, developers managed to use JavaScript for backend development with Node.js.

    However, this article is neither about JavaScript nor Node.js. Our main concern here is to acquaint you with the most famous Nodejs frameworks so that you can opt for the best one for yourself in 2022.

    So, if you are a front-end developer and want to enhance your skills by learning back-end development with JavaScript in 2022, you can choose any one of the top frameworks of Node.js. Also, learning both front-end development and back-end development can help you become a full-stack developer.

    Before we start our discussion of the 10 top Nodejs frameworks, let’s have a brief introduction to Nodejs.

    What is Node.js?

    JavaScript is a front-end development tool, and JavaScript code executes inside a web browser. It is similar to other front-end technologies like HTML and CSS. However, what if we want to execute JavaScript code on the server and create server-side applications? For that, we need a runtime environment like Nodejs .

    NodeJS is an open-source, platform-independent JavaScript runtime environment, which is capable of executing JavaScript code at the server-side (and outside a web browser). If you wish to learn more about NodeJS, then buy this course .

    Features of Nodejs

    • JS APIs are asynchronous, which means a Node.js server never waits for an API to return data. Instead, it just moves after calling for data.
    • It executes code very fast.
    • NodeJS uses the single-threaded model.
    • It transfers data in chunks, so no buffering problems.

    Top 10 NodeJS Frameworks

    A web framework is a collection of different modules, pre-written code, libraries, and other components that are used to build web applications faster. The use of web frameworks is highly suitable when we do not want to create an application from scratch. We simply use a web framework and its components to cut down the time and effort required to create a web application.

    Nodejs frameworks are of three types:

    1. MVC
    2. REST API
    3. Full-Stack

    1. Express

    Expressjs

    • GitHub stars: 46,797
    • MVC (Sinatra-like) framework

    Express is the most popular, MVC-based Node.js framework with the highest number of GitHub stars. It has numerous libraries and components that sync with Nodejs to create beautiful and powerful dynamic web applications.

    This popular JS framework is not only limited to web applications but is a suitable choice for building mobile-based web applications that are in trend these days. It is also capable of building APIs for a web page.

    ExpressJS provides all the HTTP utility methods, functions, and middleware that help developers to write robust APIs.

    Important Features of Express

    • With Express, we can build single as well as multi-page web applications.
    • It follows the MVC architecture, which makes the implementation of the web application easy.
    • It can set up middleware, which allows a developer to respond to an HTTP request.
    • ExpressJS contains a set of routing libraries, which work according to HTTP requests.
    • It helps to create robust APIs.

    2. Meteor

    Meteor

    • GitHub stars: 41,509
    • Full-stack framework

    Meteor is a full-stack framework that can be used to create web and mobile applications. It is a cross-platform framework, so it is compatible with iOS, Android, and the web. One of the main features of MeteorJS is that it can be integrated with other popular technologies, such as front-end frameworks and database systems, which include React, Vue, Angular, and MongoDB.

    Unlike other Nodejs frameworks, Meteor is more close to the JavaScript syntax, which makes it easy to understand and learn for JS developers. Many developers prefer Meteor.js for back-end development as it allows developers to code the complete website using a single programming language, i.e., JavaScript.

    Important Features of Meteor

    • It facilitates the development of responsive web applications.
    • It can integrate with the 3 most popular front-end web frameworks, namely Angular, React, and Vue.
    • Meteor can also integrate with NoSQL databases , such as MongoDB.
    • It is lightweight.
    • It contains many libraries that a developer can use to build dynamic web applications.
    • Meteor.js flaunts a rapidly growing community.
    • It is the best framework for a full-stack developer.
    • It has well-organized documentation.

    3. Koa.js

    Koajs

    • GitHub stars: 28,232
    • MVC (Sinatra-like) framework

    Koa could be considered as the extension of the Express framework because it is an MVC-based framework designed and developed by the Express team. The main purpose of creating Koa is to offer a framework that is more lightweight than Express and capable of developing web applications and APIs more efficiently.

    Though it contains fewer libraries and components as compared to Express, Koa.js has many new features. In comparison with the Express framework, the error handling capability of Koa is far better.

    Important Features of Koa.js

    • It includes many new and exclusive features.
    • It leverages the Asynchronous function, which helps to ditch the callbacks.
    • Koa has better error handling capabilities than other NodeJS frameworks.
    • It comes with some general inbuilt tasks, such as freshness of cache, content negotiation, and proxy support.
    • It has the syn/await keyword that manages the code for you and keeps it clean.

    4. Sails.js

    Sailsjs

    • GitHub stars: 21,087
    • MVC (Rails-like architecture) framework

    Sails.js is similar to the Express framework. Yet many developers and Sails itself boast that it is better than Express. This is mainly because it offers many features that Express does not have. If we consider features as the primary standard to compare Sails.js and ExpressJS, then the former has more potential.

    Moreover, this framework is a lightweight NodeJS framework that is faster than Express. Moreover, its integration with various popular backend as well as frontend tools makes it one of the best Nodejs frameworks. It provides ORM, which allows it to integrate with any database system, such as MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Redis, and local disk.

    Important Features of Sails.js

    • Sails use 100% JavaScript code, which makes it easy to learn.
    • It supports auto-generated REST APIs.
    • You can easily integrate Sails.js with WebSockets.
    • Its ORM (Object Relational Mapping) capability helps developers to integrate the web framework with any database management system.
    • It can also be integrated with any front-end technology.
    • Like Express.js, Sails.js can also handle any type of HTTP request.

    5. Nest.js

    Nestjs

    • GitHub stars: 22,912
    • REST API framework

    Nest.js uses TypeScript as its primary programming language and not JavaScript. It is a REST API Nodejs framework that is suitable for developing scalable and efficient server-side applications. Its native language, TypeScript, provides it with powerful elements such as object-oriented programming, functional programming , and functional reactive programming. Nest.js also provides a command-line interface (CLI) that helps developers to integrate other frontend tools with it.

    Important Features of Nest.js

    • It uses TypeScript as its native programming language, which is a superset of JavaScript.
    • It leverages many programming paradigms, such as FP, OOP, and FRP, that make it more scalable.
    • NestJS provides a modular approach where libraries are arranged in proper modules.
    • It is perfectly compatible with Angular since both JS frameworks use TypeScript as their native programming language.
    • It also uses some of the features offered by Express.
    • Its command-line interface helps developers to integrate it with different tools.

    6. Hapi.js

    Hapi

    • GitHub stars: 11,933
    • MVC (Sinatra-like) framework

    Hapi is a powerful and robust Nodejs framework developed by Eran Hammer in 2011 at Walmart. With Hapi, we can build robust APIs and server-side applications. It helps to transfer data between server and client with the help of APIs, and it is also known as the server framework.

    This framework is similar to Express but with fewer features. Some developers even suggest Hapi as the perfect substitute for Express, yet it does not have a huge community.

    Important Features of Hapi

    • It provides proper control for requesting handling.
    • It allows you to write robust APIs.
    • Hapi.js does not use middleware.
    • It has in-built features like caching, authentication, and input validation.
    • It can be integrated with other tools.
    • For real-time applications, Hapi is one of the best Nodejs frameworks.
    • It supports various types of databases.
    • It comes with a JavaScript Templating Engine, which makes the rendering of dynamic web pages easy.

    7. LoopBack

    LoopBack

    • GitHub stars: 12,990
    • REST API framework

    LookBack is an open-source Rest API framework that can be used to create powerful and dynamic REST APIs. It also has an easy-to-use command-line interface that helps to integrate it with other front-end technologies.

    As it can be used to write REST APIs, it also supports integration with different kinds of databases, such as relational and NoSQL database management systems that include MySQL, Oracle, MongoDB, and PostgreSQL .

    Important Features of LoopBack

    • It helps to write APIs with less code.
    • LookBack supports different kinds of databases.
    • It allows developers to create SDKs and API documentation.

    8. Derby.Js

    Derby.Js NodeJS Frameworks

    • GitHub stars: 4,465
    • Full-stack framework

    Derby is a full-stack Nodejs framework that is capable of building modern web applications. It is an ideal framework for developing web applications that work seamlessly on desktops as well as mobiles.

    Although Derby.js has a small community, it has huge potential to become a prominent Node.js framework. It offers a  variety of features, including data synchronization, real-time concurrency, API development, and the capability to develop dynamic web pages.

    Important Features of Derby.js

    • It can integrate with Derby Racer, which is a data synchronization engine that synchronizes data between the browser and the server.
    • With Derby.js, we can do bi-directional scripting, which allows us to deal with both the component's server as well as the client-side.
    • It is composed of many standard Nodejs modules.

    9. Total.js

    Total NodeJS Frameworks

    • GitHub stars: 4,027
    • MVC framework

    It is an MVC-based framework that is used to create web applications and REST APIs. Released in 2013, the main goal of designing Total.js is to create a framework that is complex, stable, and works without dependencies. It contains many libraries, packages, and other components that are completely written in Total.js itself.

    Important Features of Total.js

    • Total.js provides integration support with powerful NoSQL databases.
    • It follows the MVC architecture.
    • Total.js provides WebSockets for real-time applications.
    • It uses JavaScript as the native programming language.
    • It Includes many UI components.
    • The NodeJS framework supports the SMTP mail sender protocol.
    • It is an open-source framework.

    10. Mean.js

    meanjs NodeJS Frameworks

    • GitHub stars: 11,839
    • Full-stack framework

    Mean.js is a full-stack MVC-based Nodejs framework that is intended to provide a simple and fun starting point for developing cloud-native full-stack JavaScript applications. Mean is an acronym for MongoDB, Angular, Express, and Node. All of these tools are the trending technologies of today.

    1. MongoDB: It is a NoSQL database that is used at the back-end of the applications to store data as JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) documents.
    2. Express (sometimes referred to as Express.js): It is a back-end web application framework that runs on top of Nodejs.
    3. Angular: It is a front-end web framework that facilitates the creation of intuitive UIs for web applications and runs JavaScript code in browsers. Also, Angular is a suitable choice for developing dynamic websites and single-page applications (SPAs).
    4. Nodejs: It is a JavaScript runtime environment that lets you implement your application back-end in JavaScript.

    Important Features of Mean.js

    • It is a combination of the best technologies.
    • It contains both front-end as well as back-end development technologies.
    • Mean provides support for cloud computing.

    Which NodeJS Web Framework to Learn in 2022?

    The framework market is not stable, and thus, no one can predict what would the future of these NodeJS frameworks. Unlike programming languages, we replace old frameworks with new ones. So keep this in mind when you learn a framework and, therefore, be always ready to switch from one to another.

    Please do not choose a framework solely based on its GitHub stars. Instead, choose one that seems to have great potential and check all boxes for your project. The aforementioned Nodejs frameworks are best for now.

    We suggest you choose a framework that is easy to learn and can be integrated with other trending technologies, such as MongoDB and Angular.

    Conclusion

    Each framework that is listed above has features that make it different from others. So, you can choose any one of these frameworks to get started with back-end development. Also, a Node.js framework can help you develop server-side applications using JavaScript. However, make sure to choose a NodeJS framework that meets your project requirements.

    We hope that this article helped you find a suitable Node.js framework for your project. If you have any suggestions related to this article, you can share them in the comments section below.

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    FAQs


    Node.js is a runtime environment for JavaScript that runs on top of the JavaScript engine and executes JS code outside a browser. It enables developers to use JavaScript for the backend.

    Express is the widely used Node.js framework with 43K GitHub stars. It is a minimalist, unopinionated, and fast Node.js framework.

    Fastify is the fastest Node.js framework available in the market. It is twice as fast as Express and has a robust plugin architecture, providing the best experience.

    Yes, Node.js is among the popular skills in the web development industry. Web developers often prefer Node.js because it enables them to create the backend of web applications simply using JavaScript. So using only JS, developers can build the front end and back end of websites.

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