Procedural Programming

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Procedural Programming

Vinay Khatri
Last updated on June 10, 2022

    At the starting of the programming journey, especially when we start with any high-level programming languages, such as C, C++, Java, and Python we hear about programming paradigms such as functional, procedural, and object-oriented programming.

    When we start programming, we mostly focus on the syntax and the logic of programming more than any other basic technical terms related to a specific programming language. But when we dive deep into the programming world, we start to learn all the basic terminologies and all the other types of techniques used in programming.

    A programming paradigm deals with the approach of solving a problem using programming languages. There are 3 types of programming paradigms ; Function, Procedural and Object-Oriented.

    Here in this article, we detail procedural programming and what are its advantages and disadvantages.

    What is Procedural Programming?

    It is a type of programming paradigm, which is derived from structured programming , that focuses on improving the clarity, quality, and development time of the computer program. We also call it imperative programming. It is based on the concept of the procedure call.

    Also, we sometimes refer to procedures as routines, subroutines, and functions. It also follows the concept of functional programming that helps to fix a block of code and increase its reusability.

    Working Mechanism

    In procedural programming, the code of the program executes linearly with logical steps. It follows the top to bottom approach i.e. the code is written first and considered executed with some conditions. The conditions are decided by the procedure calls.

    For example, if there are 2 functions in the program, the main function executes first and the code will execute from top to bottom.

    Procedural vs Object-Oriented

    Often, we compare procedural and object-oriented programming paradigms. This is because both can deal with data, and modules, such as procedural programming functions and object-oriented methods.

    The procedure and modules that operate on data are treated as separate entities in procedural programming. While in OOPs, the methods that operate on a data of an object are considered as the same entity.

    Procedural Programming Languages

    Advantages and Disadvantages


    • Many general-purpose programming languages support it.
    • It simplifies the code and makes it easy to understand.
    • Implementing algorithms is easy.
    • It increases the reusability of the code.
    • Uses different parts of memory for different components.
    • It flows the program in a linear direction, which makes the same easy to track.


    • It is not very practical with real-world problems.
    • It solves real-world problems but these are generally complex programs.
    • Data is vulnerable.


    That sums up this article on procedural programming. We hope you know have a good understanding of the programming paradigm. Like any other programming paradigm, it has its own advantages and disadvantages.

    Drop your questions and suggestions in the comments section below.

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