C++ vs Python: Which One to Choose in 2022?

By | November 22, 2021
C++ vs Python

The cycle of dwindling old technologies and emerging new ones is not new, and that’s why it’s said that in programming, you must focus more on logic and algorithms and less on the programming languages and technologies. Here in this article, we are going to compare the two most prominent and powerful programming languages C++ and Python (C++ vs Python).

While one is said to be the future of programming, the other has been the parent to many modern popular programming languages. The C++ vs Python comparison is also very important because both are highly recommended programming languages for beginners. Thus, it’s always a big question to choose one among the two.

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C++ vs Python: Difference Between C++ and Python

For a beginner, it becomes a very tough choice to choose between C++ and Python. This further gets worse because the internet is replete with confusing and biased answers. With this article, we hope to offer a clear idea to beginners when making the pick between Python and C++ as the first choice for beginning their programming journey in 2022.

Before comparing the two popular programming languages, let’s go through a brief introduction of each programming language and know some of their important features.

C++

C++ is a general-purpose programming language and an extension of the C programming language. The main objective of creating C++ was to extend the concepts of C with object-oriented programming.

Though C++ is a high-level programming language, its ability to work very close to the hardware – although not as close as C – makes it qualify for labeling as a low-level or mid-level programming language. In C++, developers have manual control over memory management. This is opposite to other high-level programming languages, where memory management is automatic.

Being a high-level programming language means you can write C++ code in a human-readable format, and that’s why it requires a translator that can translate C++ human-readable code to machine language code. C++ uses a compiler as a translator, which compiles the C++ code into a byte or binary code, which is later executed by the system.

Main Features of C++

  • It is an extension of the C programming language and supports object-oriented programming.
  • It is popular to develop desktop applications.
  • The programming language is closer to the system hardware.
  • It uses a compiler.
  • It is the inspiration for many high-level programming languages.
  • C++ is a statically-typed programming language.
  • It is one of the fastest programming languages.
  • It is ideal for developing software for small gadgets, such as smartwatches and IoT sensors, because it is light and fast.
  • Many institutes and colleges prefer teaching C++ as the first programming language to students.

Python

In the last ten years, Python has gained too much hype, and now it has become one of the most popular programming languages. The new buzzwords in the IT industry that includes data science, AI, and machine learning helped to boost the popularity of the programming language.

Developed by Guido van Rossum in 1991, Python is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, and high-level programming language. Also, it is one of the most simple to learn programming languages thanks to its pseudo-English syntax.

Other high-level programming languages use curly brackets and semicolons in code, while Python uses indentation, which gives Python code a clean look and makes it easy to write the Python code. Python is a dynamically-typed programming language, which means the data type of the variables in Python is decided at the runtime.

Main Features of Python

  • It supports the concepts of object-oriented programming.
  • It is a dynamically-typed programming language.
  • Python comes with a galore of libraries, frameworks, and tools that make it one of the most versatile programming languages.
  • It has backing from a huge and proactive community.

C++ vs Python: A Head-to-Head Comparison Between C++ and Python

C++

Python

Translator

C++ uses a compiler. Python uses an interpreter as a translator.

Garbage Collection

C++ does not support garbage collection. Python does support garbage collection.

Memory Management

In C++, memory can be managed manually. Python manages memory automatically.

Programming Type

C++ is statically-typed. Here the data type of the variable is defined along with the variable definition. Python is a dynamically-typed language. Here, we do not need to define the data type of the variable.

Performance

C++ code compiles and executes fast. Being a dynamically-typed language makes Python slow. This is so because the operation takes place at runtime.

Learning Curve

C++ is difficult to learn because it requires understanding core topics and concepts. Python is easy to learn.

Library Support

C++ has many libraries and packages. Python has more libraries than C++.
Installation Process
It’s very easy to install C++ in a system. Installing Python is also very easy. Moreover, it comes pre-installed on macOS and Linux.

Syntax

C++ uses curly brackets to bind a block of code. Python uses indentation to bind the block of code.

Access Modifiers

In C++, we have access modifiers that define private, public, and protected properties of a class. In Python, we do not have access to modifiers in the class. Thus, developers use some conventional rules to describe private and public properties. For example, if the class property is started with a single underscore, then it would be considered as the private property of the class.

Community Support

C++ has a huge and old community. Python has a huge and modern community.

Hello World Program in Python 

print("Hello World")

 

Hello World Program in C++

#include<iostream.h>
#include<conio.h>
void main()
    {
        cout<<"Hello World";
        getch();
    }

Python or C++: Which Programming Language Should a Beginner Choose in 2022?

I have worked with both the programming languages, I started my coding journey with C++ then I shifted to Python, just because it was one of the treading programming languages. While coding in C++ I get acquainted with various basic data structures and learned every basic thing such as Data Types, Data Structure, control flow, Object-Oriented Programming, etc. The programming concepts are the same in all the High-Level programming languages, the only difference is in their syntax. The syntax of a programming language makes it difficult and easy to learn. If we compare the syntax of both the programming languages you will see that Python is more legible than C++.

On the basis of my experience, I would suggest a beginner learn basics of C++ first, then move to Python. Because python could look easy at first glance but when you go deep in python you will find it more confusing and complex. In C++ we have different implementation for different concepts but in python, all things are mix together. If you have no idea about constructor, destructor, and static and dynamic binding which are very well defined in C++ you will have a hard time understanding the OOPs concepts of Python.

Conclusion

Both the programming languages have their own distinct set of features, and most of their features are completely contradictory. Nonetheless, C++ has influenced Python a lot, and that’s why we cannot ignore C++.

For software development and scripting, developers use C++. It’s true that in the last ten years, Python has gained too much popularity among developers, and nowadays, it is used everywhere, but C++ is also a very popular programming language and among the best languages for beginners.

C++ covers most of the core concepts of programming. From procedural to object-oriented programming and from static to dynamic binding, C++ covers many important concepts. If you like this article or have any suggestions related to this article, feel free to let us know by filling the comments form. Your feedback will help us to improve our work.

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