10 Popular Java Frameworks to Use in 2022

By | January 12, 2022
Java Frameworks

It’s 2022, and still, Java has the largest developer community across the world. Also, it is always securing a spot at many of the most useful programming languages lists. There are more than 9 million Java developers who are contributing their skills and knowledge to its further development. Java frameworks have helped Java reach new heights of success.

With these frameworks, Java developers do not need to create a complete website or web application from scratch. But what exactly is a Java framework? Let’s find out.

What are Web Frameworks?

There are lots of definitions of a framework available on the internet, but most of those are confusing and have jargon of technical terms, which could make it difficult for a beginner to understand that what actually a Java framework is.

In simple terms, web frameworks are defined as a collection of libraries (predefined code) and APIs (Application Program Interfaces), which call your code and perform the task. Web frameworks facilitate the creation of web applications and websites.

Java Frameworks

Java has a wide array of frameworks. A Java framework only accepts Java code and syntax. Generally, frameworks are used to create webapps, websites, and mobile applications. Developers mainly prefer Java frameworks for backend web development. Here in this article, we will discuss ten of the most popular Java web frameworks.

Best JAVA Web Development Frameworks

Following is our list of the best ten web frameworks in Java to use in 2022:

  1. JSF – JAVA Server Faces
  2. Spring
  3. Spark
  4. Struts
  5. Hibernate
  6. GWT Google Web Toolkit
  7. Play Framework
  8. Vert.X
  9. Apache Wicket
  10. Vaadin

Let’s know about them one by one.

Vamware

1. JSF – Java Server Faces

JSF – Java Server Faces

It is an 0pen-source Java web application framework. Released back in 2004, it is probably one of the oldest Java frameworks. Developed by Oracle (the owner of Java), JSF is designed to build an interface between the user and the web application (Java-based). Based on the MVC (Model-View-Controller) architecture, JSF has component-based architecture.

As JSF was released a long time ago, it now has a large and active community. Although it is a powerful Java framework, its execution speed is not that fast. Moreover, it uses complex Java syntax, which makes it difficult to learn, especially for beginners.

JSF – Java Server Faces Features

  • It is developed and maintained by Oracle.
  • It has reusable UI components.
  • JSF facilitates industry-standard UI development.
  • It features well-organized and very helpful documentation.
  • It has a rich set of libraries.
  • Java Server Faces connects the user component to the data source.
  • It offers event handlers on the server-side.

JSF – Java Server Faces Cons

  • JSF has a high learning curve.
  • It uses complex Java syntax.
  • It is slow.

2. Spring Framework

Spring Framework

Spring is one of the most popular and powerful Java EE application frameworks. Developed by Pivotal Software, the first release of Spring Framework came out on 1st October 2002. Since then, this Java framework has gained much popularity. When it comes to developing enterprise Java applications with high security, Spring comes out as a top option.

Unfortunately, it has a high learning curve. Thus, for a naïve Java developer, it would not be a good choice to opt for this Java framework. Spring follows the MVC architecture, and it has detailed documentation along with a prospering and active community.

Spring Features

  • It offers high security.
  • Spring supports relational databases.
  • It can connect with everything.
  • The Java framework has a good set of libraries and APIs.
  • It supports processing data in real-time streams and batches.

3. Spark

Apache Spark

It is a microframework by Apache that can work with Java and Kotlin. Being a microframework makes it faster and. It has a low learning curve that makes it an ideal framework for a beginner Java developer. Apache Spark mainly focuses on back-end development. Although it does not follow the MVC architecture, you can structure your program as you wish. A terrific speed and lightweight built are its key features.

Companies Using Spark

  • Apache
  • Asana
  • Playlyfe
  • Arquillian
  • GOSU

Spark Features

  • It offers fast development.
  • It has a low learning curve.
  • Spark is lightweight.
  • In addition to Java, it can also work with Groovy and Kotlin.

4. Struts

Apache Struts

It is an open-source Java EE (Enterprise Edition) web framework that is developed and maintained by Apache Software Foundation. Apache has released two versions of Struts, 1st in 2000 and 2nd in 2006. Both of them offer cross-platform (Java Virtual Machine) support.

Like other Java frameworks, developers prefer it for creating Java-based web applications, and it’s based on the MVC architecture. Struts has its own syntax to follow, which necessitates Java developers to first get acquainted with the same. Nonetheless, the fast development process makes it worth learning.

With its complex syntax and methodology, it’s not an ideal framework for a beginner Java developer. However, with Struts, you can plug in many third-party packages and front-end interfaces.

Struts Features

  • It is open-source.
  • Apache Struts provides support for third-party plugins.
  • It offers fast development.
  • It comes with built-in testing tools.

Struts Cons

  • It follows a complex methodology.
  • Struts has a high learning curve. 

5. Hibernate

Hibernate

Hibernate is not actually a framework. Instead, it’s an ORM (Object-Relational Mapping) used by Java. Hibernate is used to provide a framework that acts as a bridge between a relational database management system and Java. It is well known for its powerful data accessing feature. The data handling process of relational databases is different from an object-oriented programming language.

When we want Java, which is an object-oriented programming language, to access data from the relational database where data is stored in a tabular form, then there are some issues. Hibernate helps to overcome such issues. With the increasing demand for data manipulation, more and more Java developers are choosing Hibernate for their projects.

Hibernate Features

  • It is an open-source tool.
  • It is a powerful ORM tool.
  • Hibernate allows fast development.

Hibernate cons

  • Data security is not high in Hibernate.

6. GWT – Google Web Toolkit

GWT – Google Web Toolkit

Developed by Google, GWT is an open-source tool designed to develop front-end web applications using Java. It comes with well-organized documentation that helps developers to understand it better. It is a very simple but powerful tool, as you can expect from a Google product.

Though it is designed to create a client-side application, now it is able to create both client-side as well as server-side web applications. Its simplicity does not compromise the quality of the application built on it. You can also create complex applications using GWT.

GWT Features

  • It is an easy-to-use toolkit.
  • GWT has a low learning curve.
  • It flaunts well-managed documentation.
  • It is ideal for full-stack development.

Cons:

  • The compiling process is very slow.

7. Play Framework

Play

It is a powerful, open-source, and lightweight Java framework developed by Lightbend back in 2007. Written in Scala, Play is used to create web applications for all platforms. Thus, other than Java developers, Scala developers can also use Play to create web applications.

Play is built by using the Akka toolkit, which makes it run on the Java Virtual Machine. It also follows the MVC design pattern and comes with inbuilt features, like code reloading, convention over configuration, and lots more.

Play Features

  • It shows error messages in the browser.
  • It prefers convention over configuration.
  • Play improves productivity.
  • Code reloading is available.

8. Vert.X

Vert x

Vert.X is a polyglot event-driven application framework that runs on the Java Virtual Machine. It supports many languages, namely Java, JavaScript, Groovy, Ruby, Scala, and Kotlin. It is developed by the Eclipse Foundation, one of the leading foundations of Java IDE.

‘X’ in Vert.X represents the multi-language support of this framework. It is a very lightweight framework, and its file size is about 650 kb. Also, it follows a modular architecture and this modular approach helps to divide the framework program into small modules.

Vert.X Pros

  • It has easy installation.
  • Vert.X provides support for multiple languages.
  • It follows a modular format.
  • It has a rich library.

9. Wicket

Apache Wicket

Apache Wicket is a component-based web application framework that accepts Java. It is developed and maintained by Apache Software Foundation, and its 1st version was released in June 2005. It follows the MVC design pattern and uses plain XHTML for templating. Wicket is one of the lightweight web application frameworks to develop simple web applications. The server-side framework written in Java is free to use.

Wicket Pros

  • It provides support for HTML.
  • It has built-in testing tools.
  • Wicket comes with detailed documentation.
  • Excellent for creating simple applications.

Wicket Cons

  • It has a high learning curve.

10. Vaadin

Vaadin

Vaadin is an open-source web development platform developed by Vaadin Ltd. and licensed by Apache Software Foundation. It is a framework for developing web applications using C++ and Java. Vaadin is only used for server-side web applications, and it provides a rich interface between the server-side and the user.

Vaadin Features

  • It has support for plugins.
  • It facilitates server-side programming.
  • Vaadin has a rich web interface.
  • It can be integrated with GWT and Ajax
  • It is supported by Apache.

Conclusion

That was the list of the ten best Java frameworks. Each one of them offers a variety of features to facilitate web application development. A Java developer must have knowledge of Java frameworks. Thus, use these frameworks in Java to become a better Java developer.

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