10 Best NodeJS Frameworks to Use in 2022

By | October 18, 2021
NodeJS Frameworks

The core technology of JavaScript was built to execute at the client-side, but if we want to run JS at the server-side, we require an environment to execute its code at the server. For the purpose, we have NodeJS and NodeJS frameworks. JavaScript is the most prominent tool for front-end development and is mainly used to create single-page UI web applications. As it is a front-end technology, its code executes at the client-side. In simple terms, the JS code executes in the browser of the user.

Over the past few years, JavaScript has emerged as one of the most popular programming languages, and with rapid development, developers manage to use JavaScript for backend development via Node.js. However, this article is neither about JavaScript nor Node.js. Our main concern here is to acquaint you with the most famous Nodejs frameworks so that you can opt for the best one for yourself in 2022.

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So if you are a front-end developer and want to enhance your skills by learning back-end technology in 2022, you can choose any one of the top frameworks of Node.js and upgrade your game at full-stack development. Before discussing the 10 top Nodejs frameworks to use in 2022, let’s have a brief introduction to Nodejs.

What is Node.js?

As JavaScript is a front-end tool, its code executes inside the web browser of the user. It is similar to other front-end technologies like HTML and CSS. What if we want to execute JavaScript code at the server to create server-side applications? For that, we require a runtime environment like Nodejs.

NodeJS is an open-source, platform-independent JavaScript runtime environment, which is capable of executing JavaScript code at the server-side (and outside a web browser). The main purpose of executing JavaScript at the server is to create a dynamic web application instead of a single-page web app.

Features of Nodejs

  • JS APIs are asynchronous in nature, which means a Nodejs server never waits for an API to return data. Instead, it just moves after calling for data.
  • It executes code very fast.
  • NodeJS uses the single-threaded model.
  • It transfers data in chunks, so no buffering problems.
  • The JS runtime environment is created and supported by Google.

Top 10 NodeJS Frameworks

A framework is a collection of different modules, pre-written code, libraries, and other components that are used to build dynamic web applications. The concept of web frameworks comes into play when we do not want to create an application from starch. Instead of doing so, we simply use a web framework and, with the help of its components, create a web application. Nodejs frameworks are of three types:

  1. MVC frameworks
  2. REST API frameworks
  3. Full-Stack frameworks

1. Express

Expressjs

  • GitHub stars: 46,797
  • MVC (Sinatra-like) framework

Express is the most popular, fast, and MVC-based framework with the highest number of GitHub stars. It has numerous libraries and components that sync along Nodejs to create beautiful and powerful dynamic web applications.

The popular JS framework is not only limited to web applications and is also capable of building mobile-based web applications that are in trend these days. It is also capable of building and surfing API for a web page. ExpressJS provides all the HTTP utility methods, functions, and middleware that help developers to write robust APIs.

Important Features of Express

  • With Express, we can build single as well as multi-page web applications.
  • It follows the MVC architecture, which makes the implementation of the application easy.
  • It can set up middleware, which allows a developer to respond to an HTTP request.
  • ExpressJS contains a set of routing libraries, which work according to HTTP requests.
  • It is capable of writing robust APIs.

2. Meteor

Meteor

  • GitHub stars: 41,509
  • Full-stack framework

Meteor is the full-stack framework that can be used to create real-time web and mobile applications. It is a cross-platform framework, so it is compatible with iOS, Android, and desktop. One of the main features of MeteorJS is that it can be integrated with other popular technologies, such as front-end frameworks and database systems, which include React, Vue, Angular, and MongoDB.

Unlike other Nodejs frameworks, Meteor is more close to the JavaScript syntax, which makes it easy to understand and learn for JS developers. That’s why many developers prefer Meteor.js for back-end development, which makes it easy for them to code for the complete website using a single programming language.

Important Features of Meteor

  • It can build web applications for any device.
  • It can integrate with the top 3 front-end web frameworks, namely Angular, React, and Vue.
  • Meteor can also integrate with NoSQL databases, such as MongoDB.
  • It is lightweight.
  • It contains many libraries that a developer can use to build dynamic web applications.
  • Meteor.js flaunts a rapidly growing community.
  • It is the best framework for a full-stack developer.
  • It has well-organized documentation.

3. Koa.js

Koajs

  • GitHub stars: 28,232
  • MVC (Sinatra-like) framework

Koa could be termed as the extension of the Express framework because it is an MVC-based framework designed and developed by the Express team. The main purpose of creating Koa is to offer a framework that is lightweight than Express and capable of developing web applications and APIs more efficiently.

Though it contains fewer libraries and components as compared to Express, Koa.js has many new features. In comparison with the Express framework, the error handling capability of Koa is far better.

Important Features of Koa.js

  • It includes many new and exclusive features.
  • It leverages the Asynchronous function, which helps to ditch the callbacks.
  • Koa has better error handling capabilities than other NodeJS frameworks.
  • It comes with some general inbuilt tasks, such as freshness of cache, content negotiation, and proxy support.
  • It has the syn/await keyword that manages the code for you and keeps it clean.

4. Sails.js

Sailsjs

  • GitHub stars: 21,087
  • MVC (Rails-like architecture) framework

SailsJS is similar to the Express framework. Yet many developers and Sails itself boast that it is better than Express. This is mainly because it contains many features that Express does not have. If we consider features as the primary standard to compare Sails.js and ExpressJS, then the former has more potential.

Sails is a lightweight NodeJS framework that is faster than Express. Moreover, its integration with various popular backend as well as frontend tools makes it one of the best Nodejs frameworks. It provides ORM, which helps it to integrate with any database system, such as MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Redis, and local disk.

Important Features of Sails.js

  • Uses 100% JavaScript code, which makes it easy to learn.
  • It supports auto-generated REST APIs.
  • You can easily integrate Sails.js with WebSockets.
  • Its ORM (Object Relational Mapping) capability helps developers to integrate the web framework with any database management system.
  • It can also be integrated with any front-end technology.
  • Like Express.js, Sails.js can also handle any type of HTTP request.

5. Nest.js

Nestjs

  • GitHub stars: 22,912
  • REST API framework

Nest.js uses TypeScript as its primary programming language and not JavaScript. It is a Rest API Nodejs framework that finds use in developing scalable and efficient server-side applications. Its native language, TypeScript, provides it with powerful elements such as object-oriented programming, functional programming, and functional reactive programming. Nest.js also provides a command-line interface (CLI) that helps developers to integrate other frontend tools with it.

Important Features of Nest.js

  • It uses TypeScript as its native programming language, which is a superset of JavaScript.
  • It includes many programming paradigms such as FP, OOP, and FRP that make it more scalable.
  • NestJS provides a modular approach where libraries are arranged in proper modules.
  • It is perfectly compatible with Angular since both JS frameworks use TypeScript as their native programming language.
  • It also uses some of the Express features.
  • Its command-line interface helps the developer to integrate it with different tools.

6. Hapi.js

Hapi

  • GitHub stars: 11,933
  • MVC (Sinatra-like) framework

Hapi is a powerful and robust Nodejs framework developed by Eran Hammer in 2011 at Walmart. With hapi, we can build robust APIs and server-side scripting applications. It helps to transfer data between server and client with the help of APIs, and it is also known as the server framework. Hapi is similar to Express but with fewer features. Some developers even suggest hapi as the perfect substitute to Express, yet it does not have a huge community.

Important Features of Hapi

  • It provides proper control for requesting handling.
  • It can write robust APIs.
  • Hapi.js does not use middleware.
  • It has in-built features like caching, authentication, and input validation.
  • It can be integrated with other tools.
  • The Node.js framework supports various types of databases.
  • For real-time applications, Hapi is one of the best Nodejs frameworks.
  • It comes with JavaScript Templating Engine, which makes rendering dynamic web pages easy.

7. LoopBack

LoopBack

  • GitHub stars: 12,990
  • REST API framework

LookBack is an open-source Rest API framework that can be used to create powerful and dynamic REST APIs. It also has an easy-to-use command-line interface that helps to integrate it with other front-end technologies. As it can be used to write REST APIs, it also supports integration with different kinds of databases, such as relational and NoSQL database management systems that include MySQL, Oracle, MongoDB, and PostgreSQL.

Important Features of LoopBack

  • It helps to write APIs with less code.
  • LookBack supports different kinds of databases.
  • It allows developers to create SDKs and API documentation.

8. Derby.Js

Derby.Js NodeJS Frameworks

  • GitHub stars: 4,465
  • Full-stack framework

Derby is a full-stack Nodejs framework that is capable of building modern web applications. It is an ideal framework for building desktop as well as mobile web applications. Although at present, it has a small community, the NodeJS framework has huge potential. It provides many features, and some of its best ones are data synchronization, real-time concurrency, API, and the capability to develop dynamic web pages.

Important Features of Derby.js

  • It can integrate with Derby Racer, which is a data synchronization engine that synchronizes data between the browser and the server.
  • With Derby.js, we can do bi-directional scripting, in which we can deal with both the component’s server as well as the client-side.
  • It is composed of many standard Nodejs modules.

9. Total.js

Total NodeJS Frameworks

  • GitHub stars: 4,027
  • MVC framework

It is an MVC-based framework that is used to create web applications, real-time applications, and REST APIs. Released in 2013, the main goal of designing Total.js is to create a framework that is complex, stable, and without dependencies. It contains many libraries, packages, and other components that are completely written in Total.js itself.

Important Features of Total.js

  • Total.js provides integration support with powerful NoSQL databases.
  • It follows the MVC architecture.
  • Total.js provides WebSockets for real-time applications.
  • It uses JavaScript as the native programming language.
  • It Includes many UI components.
  • The NodeJS framework supports the SMTP mail sender protocol.
  • It is an open-source framework.

10. Mean.js

meanjs NodeJS Frameworks       

  • GitHub stars: 11,839
  • Full-stack framework

Mean.js is a full-stack MVC-based Nodejs framework that is intended to provide a simple and fun starting point for cloud-native full-stack JavaScript applications. Mean is an acronym for MongoDB, Angular 6, Express, and Node. All of these tools are the trending technology of today.

  1. MongoDB: It is a NoSQL database that is used by the back-end of the applications to store their data as JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) documents.
  2. Express (Sometimes referred to as Express.js): It is a back-end web application framework running on top of Nodejs.
  3. Angular: It is a front-end web app framework that runs JavaScript code in the user’s browser, allowing an application UI to be dynamic.
  4. Nodejs: It is a JavaScript runtime environment that lets you implement your application back-end in JavaScript.

Important Features of Mean.js

  • It is a combination of the best technologies.
  • It contains both front-end as well as backend technologies.
  • With NoSQL, it also provides support for cloud computing.

Which NodeJS Web Framework to Learn in 2022?

The framework market is not stable, and thus, no one can predict what would the future of these NodeJS frameworks. Unlike programming languages, we replace old frameworks with new ones. So keep this in mind when you learn a framework and, therefore, be always ready to switch from one to another.

Please do not choose a framework solely from its GitHub stars. Instead, choose one that shows great potential and checks all boxes for your project. The aforementioned Nodejs frameworks are best for now. We suggest you choose a framework that is easy to learn and can be integrated with modern trending tools, such as MongoDB and Angular.

Conclusion

Each framework has features that make it different from others. So you can choose any one of these frameworks to upgrade your JavaScript skills with back-end technology and create dynamic web applications in 2022.

We hope that with this article, you get a suitable framework you can opt for your project. If you have any suggestions related to this article, you can share your feedback in the dedicated comments section below.

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