Procedural Programming

By | May 28, 2020
Procedural Programming

Procedural Programming: When we start programming, we mostly focus on the syntax and the logic of Programming more than any other basic technical terms related to that programming language, but when we dive deep in the programming world, we start to learn all the basic terminologies and all the other types of techniques we used in our programming.

With the starting of our programming Journey, especially when we start with any high-level programming languages such as C, C++, Java, and Python we heard about programming paradigms such as Functional, Procedural and Object-Oriented Programming.


A programming Paradigm deals with the approach of solving a problem using Programming languages. There are three types of programming paradigms Function, Procedural and Object-Oriented. Here in this article, we have covered what is Procedural Programming language and what are its advantages and Disadvantages.

What is Procedural Programming?

It is a type of Programming Paradigm, which is derived from Structured programming, programming which focuses on improving the clarity, quality and development time of the computer program. It is also known as Imperative programming.

It is based on the concept of the procedure call. The procedures are sometimes also referred to as routine subroutines and functions. It also follows the concept of functional programming which helps to fix a block of code and increase its reusability.

Working Mechanism

In procedural programming the code of the program executes linearly with logical steps, it follows the top to bottom approach, the code is written first considered execute with some conditions. The conditions are decided by the procedure calls. For example, if there are two functions in the program the main function executes fist and the code will execute top to bottom.

Difference between Procedural vs Object-Oriented Programming:

Often Procedural Programming Compared with Object-Oriented Programming, because both can deal with data, and modules such as Procedural programming function and Object-Oriented Methods.

The procedure and modules operate on data treated as separate entities while in OOPs the methods which operated on a data of an object considers as the same entity.

Programming Languages which use it:

  • C++
  • C
  • Python

Advantages and Disadvantages


  • Many General-Purpose programming languages supporting it.
  • It simplifies the code and makes it easy to understand.
  • Implementing Algorithm is easy with Procedural programming
  • It increases the reusability of the code.
  • It uses different parts of memory for different components
  • It flows the program in a linear direction which makes it easy to track.


  • It is not very practical with a real-world problem.
  • It solves real-world problems can form a complex program.
  • Data is vulnerable.

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