10 Best Python IDEs and Code Editors in 2021 [Updated Guide]

By | February 21, 2021

The increasing popularity of Python and the easy syntax attracting many experienced and beginner developers to Python. The versatile nature and increasing community of Python making its grasp everywhere. Concerning the demand for Python across the globe, developers have built many Python IDE and Text editors on which beginners and advanced Python developers can word easily.

What are IDEs and Text Editors?

IDEs are the software designed for developers to write the code in an efficient way. It stands for Integrated Development Environment. With the help of IDEs, we can write, modify, compile, execute, test, and debug the code with ease. Unlike Text Editors, you do not need to open the command prompt every time when you want to run and execute the Python. Many IDEs support the auto-suggestions and the autocorrections feature, which makes helps the developer to write code faster.

Vamware

There are many IDEs that support multiple programming languages. The problem with such IDEs is that they are of massive size and consume a lot of CPU resources. So, it’s better to choose an IDE that works for a specific type of programming language.

Text Editors are similar to IDE’s, but in a Text editor, you can only write and modify the code. A text Editor generally comprises fewer features compared to an IDE. However, modern Text Editors supports extensions and plugins. And by installing the new extensions or plugins we can introduce new features to the text editors. Unlike an IDE, Text editors are not generally oriented to a specific programming language. A text editor is designed so it can be used to write code for any programming language.  Text editors are very lightweighted software and some of the popular text editors are less than 20MB. Sublime Text, Notepad, Notepad++, and Visual Studio Code are some popular Text Editors.

In this article, we have listed the best Python IDEs and Best Text Editors for Python. We have also listed some of the top Python online IDEs, which you can explore if you want to execute your python program online.

Best Python IDEs

Generally, all the top Python IDEs are available for all the popular operating systems, at least all the IDEs are available for Windows. Here is the list of top Python IDEs, you can download and start practicing Python. Before considering any of the following IDE please check if it is available for your Operating system.

1. PyCharm

Pycharm Python IDE

  • Powered by JetBrains
  • Category: IDE
  • Community: Open source
  • $199 for Professional Development
  • It supports Windows, Linux, MAC, etc.
  • You can download it from Here

PyCharm is widely used as Python IDE across the globe. It is ideal for beginners to do coding on it. PyCharm is specially designed for Python by JetBrains and is the best Python IDE for macOS users. The neatness and maintainability of code can be seen in PyCharm.

Whenever it comes to python programming, PyCharm IDE always comes first. Intelligent code editor, fast and safe refactoring, debugging, testing, profiling, remote development, Python console, IPython Notebook, and scientific stack are some main features of PyCharm.

With the increasing popularity of Python frameworks, PyCharm comes with the support of a live editor for HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

PyCharm Professional Edition (Paid) Features PyCharm Community Edition(free) Features
Intelligent Python editor Intelligent Python editor
Graphical debugger and test runner Graphical debugger and test runner
Navigation and Refactoring’s Navigation and Refactoring’s
Code inspections Code inspections
VCS support VCS support
Scientific tools
Web development
Python web frameworks
Python Profiling
Remote development capability
Database and SQL support

2. Spyder

Spyder Python IDE

  • By Anaconda distribution
  • Category: IDE
  • Open-source
  • Supported by Qt, Windows, macOS, Linux
  • You can download it from Here

The interesting fact about Spyder is that it’s built on Python for Python. Spyder is specifically designed for Python data analysis. For engineers and data scientists who have a keen interest in Scientific development, Spyder would be a great IDE choice. You can run Spyder by installing the Anaconda distribution. Anaconda is a famous distribution for data science and machine learning.

Some of the main features provided by Spyder are:

  • Code editor
  • IPython console
  • Variable Explorer
  • Profiler
  • Debugger
  • Many data Science libraries
  • 3rd party plugin

3. Thonny

Thonny Python IDE

  • By Aivar Annamaa and contributors
  • Category: IDE
  • Open-source
  • Supported by Windows, Linux, and macOS

You can download it from Here

Thonny is recently introduced as an IDE for Python. If you are a complete beginner and looking for an IDE, then Thonny can help you to start your Python journey. Thonny is specially designed for beginners. It is small in size and works great on low-end computers. Other Python IDEs can be difficult to use for an apprentice, but operating Thonny is very easy.

Thonny Features:

  • Easy to get Started
  • No variable hassle
  • Easy to debug
  • Steps through expression evolution
  • Faithful representation of function call
  • Highlight syntax Error
  • Explain scope
  • Mode for explaining references
  • Code completion
  • System Shell

4. IDLE

IDLE

  • Developed By Guido van Rossum
  • Open-source
  • Category: IDE
  • For Linux, macOS, Windows
  • Official Website: Here

IDLE (Integrated Development and Learning Environment) is the default Python IDE which comes along with the python interpreter, when you download Python from its official Website the IDEL IDE comes along with it you do not need to install it separately. Even if you install the updated version of Python, the compatible version of IDEL automatically installs with it too.

IDEL is very beginner-friendly, but using it for big projects is not a very good idea. However, IDEL provides many customize features, but it still lacks some basic IDE features such as auto ending brackets and quotes.

IDEL is intended for the educational environment; that’s why it is very light weighted software and does not consume many CPU resources.  

IDLE Features:

  • It provides a colorful console
  • Python Shell with syntax highlighting.
  • Basic features like a text editor, smart indentation, autocompletion, etc.
  • Integrated highlighter debugger.

5. Eric

Eric_Logo

Eric is one of the most popular IDEs of Python, you can download it for free, and it is available for various popular platforms, which include Linux, Windows, and Mac. Eric provides all the basic and advanced features which you can expect from a standard IDE.

If you are into Python GUI based Applications and use the PyQT library, then Eric is the best IDE for you because it itself written on Python3 and QT library and mostly used for Python development. However, Python official has been disbanded Python two but using Eric, you can still execute your Python two code, because it supports both the versions of Python, two as well as 3.

Eric Features:

  • It provides a Source Code editor tool, with Configuration window layout, Brace Matching, Error highlighting, Integrated Class browser, and many other features.
  • It provides perfect compatibility with PyQT.
  • Provides built-in version control features that are not offered by many open-source IDEs.
  • It provides an integrated web browser with built-in integrated support for the Django framework; even PyCharm does community version does give proper support for Django.
  • It supports both the prior versions of Python, Python 2, and Python 3.

6. Wing

Wing

  • By Wingware
  • Wing Personal (free)
  • Wing Pro (paid)
  • Wing101 (free)
  • Category: IDE
  • For Windows, Linux, and MAC
  • You can download it from Here

The wing comes with many features that might be provided by other IDE’s. It is an advanced IDE highly recommended for professionals. The powerful debugger and intelligent editor are two main assets of the wing which attract many python developers to code on it. The speed and accuracy of Wing IDE are uncompromising. It supports many Python frameworks such as Django, Flask, PyQt, etc.

Wings features:

  • Powerful debugger
  • Intelligence Editor
  • Easy Code Navigation
  • Integrated Unit Testing
  • Recursive debugging
  • Version control
  • Project Management
  • Support for Python 3.6, Vagrant and Jupyter

7. Eclipse + PyDEV

PyDEV

  • By Eclipse
  • Category: Plugin
  • Open-source
  • For Windows, Linux, MAC, etc.
  • You can download it from Here

It is a Plugin for Eclipse IDE, as Eclipse is specially designed for Java Development, the PyDev plugin provides an extension to Eclipse and gives support for python development. To use PyDev you need to install Eclipse and from the Eclipse marketplace, you can install it as a Plugin.

Once you have successfully added PyDev in your Eclipse IDE you will be introduced to new features like Python debugging, Code completion, and interactive python console. The major Disadvantage of using PyDev is CPU consumption, Eclipse itself is a very heavy software that consumes a lot of CPU resources, and adding extra plugins just escalates the problem of CPU consumption.

PyDev Features:

  • Support Django Integration
  • Auto code suggestion
  • Type Hinting
  • Debugging
  • Python console
  • Supports Mypy, black formatter, virtual environments, and analyzing f-strings.
  • Syntax highlights

8. Rodeo

  • RodeoBy Anaconda Distribution
  • Category: IDE
  • Open-source
  • For Windows, Linux, MAC
  • You can download it from Here

Rodeo IDE is well known for the Data-Science in Python. It is preferred by data scientists because of its lightweight and flexibility.

However, it is very easy to install and run Rodeo in Windows systems but mac and Linux users could find it tricky because they need to install Python and some other several packages to run Rodeo. Anaconda Distribution provides an alternative and easiest way to install Rodeo on various platforms.

Some of the main Features of the Rodeo:

  • Auto-Completion of Code
  • Python console
  • IPython support
  • Syntax Highlight

9. Jupyter Notebook

Jupyter Notebook Python IDE

  • Developed by Jupyter Project
  • Open-source
  • Category: web-based IDE
  • For Linux, macOS, Windows
  • Official Website https://jupyter.org/

The Jupiter notebook is an Open source, web application-based Python IDE. It allows us to code in Python and has an attractive input/output interface.  You can edit and run notebook documents via a web browser. Many of the codes that are shared by the GitHub community can be directly accessible via Jupyter notebook.

Jupyter notebook is highly used by python data scientists because it has high compatibility with Python data science libraries.

Some of the main Features of JupyterNotebook:

  • Interactive console.
  • auto-completion features
  • easy-debugging.
  • highly compatible with data science libraries.
  • easy to use

10. Komodo IDE

komodo ide

  • By ActiveState
  • Open-source
  • Category: IDE
  • For Linux, macOS, Windows
  • Official Website: Here

It is a multi-language code editor that supports more than 20 programming languages. It includes all the popular ones such as Python, Perl, Ruby, HTML/CSS, JavaScript, etc. It is one of the best Python IDEs for web development. It is available for all popular operating systems free of cost.

Komodo Features:

  • It comes with an integrated Python interpreter.
  • It uses Mozilla and Scintilla code base to provide support for various popular web technologies such as Python, Perl, PHP, Ruby, Tcl, SQL, Smarty, CSS, HTML, and XML.
  • It supports user customizing via plugins and macros.
  • It comes with an integrated DOM viewer and an interactive shell.

11. PyScripter

Pyscripter

  • By Kiriakos Vlahos
  • Open-source
  • Category: IDE
  • For Windows
  • Official Website: Here

PyScripter is a lightweight Python IDE for Windows users. It is specially designed for Python developer and provide pretty much all the basic and some advance features which are provided by other IDEs.

It is one of those IDEs which is highly recommended for beginners who do not have a high processing CPU and wants to work on IDEs.

PyScipter Features:

  • It supports the syntax-highlighting editor.
  • Give full support for encoded python source files.
  • Simultaneously check the code syntax while writing the code.
  • Comes with an Integrated Python Interpreter.
  • Show command history.
  • It comes with Integrated unit testing, which gives support to Automatic test generation and Unit testing GUI.

12. Anjuta

Anjuta

  • Developed by Naba Kumar
  • Open Source
  • Category: IDE
  • For Unix
  • Official Website: Here

Anjuta is a very popular IDE among the UNIX-Like operating system; with it, you can write code for multiple languages, which include C, C++, Java, JavaScript, Python, and Vala programming language. It is not available for Mac and Windows platforms, but a UNIX user can use this IDE for its python project.

Anjuta Features:

  • Interactive Code editor with a powerful debugger built over GDB and integrated compiler.
  • Source code editor with source browsing.
  • Project management
  • Application wizard
  • CVS and Subversion version control system integration

Best Python Text Editors

Text editors are smaller in size as compared to IDE’s and consume fewer CPU resources. Here is the list of top Python text editors.

1. Visual Studio Code (Python Tool for Visual Studio)

Visual Studio

  • By Microsoft
  • Open-source
  • Category: IDE
  • For Linux, macOS, Windows
  • Official Website: Here

Visual Studio Code is the most popular Code Editor. It is considered the second-best tool for Python developers. However, it is not originally designed for Python but, using the Free and open-source extensions, we can make it compatible with Python too.

Although it is a Text Editor, it can provide more features than an open-source Python IDE. By installing some extra extensions or plugins, we can customize our Visual Studio Code like an enterprise version IDE. It is very beginner-friendly, and due to its small size, it does not consume much CPU resources.

Visual Studio Features:

  • It comes with a very interactive code editor that supports syntax highlighting and code completion using IntelliSense for variables, functions, methods, loops, and LINQ queries.
  • It is very compatible with Front-end as well as back-end technologies such as HTML, CSS, JS, Django, etc.
  • It also supports setting bookmarks for quick navigation.
  • It comes with a very powerful debugger that provides syntax highlights for warnings and errors.
  • It comes with many open-source plugins; the Python plugin is one of them.

2. Atom

Atom Python IDE

  • By GitHub
  • Open-source
  • Category: Text Editor
  • For Windows, Linux, and MAC
  • You can download it from Here

Atom is an open-source Python text editor, and you can also write other programming languages on it. Atom, you can plugin many packages to access different features. Atom gives you the flexibility to customize it and run it according to your requirement.

Some main features of the Atom are:

  • Work across different platform
  • Built-in packages
  • Suggest autocompletion for the code
  • Highlight error
  • Different colors for different keywords
  • Customize theme

3. Sublime Text

Sublime Text

  • By Sublime HQ
  • Category: Text editor
  • Open source/Paid
  • For window/Linux/MAC
  • You can download it from Here

If you are familiar with PHP, then you must have heard of Sublime, it’s quite famous for PHP. Sublime is written using C++ and Python. It is one of the best text editors for Python developers. The lightweight and versatile nature of sublime text make it easier to use.

Some popular features of Sublime:

  • The split layout
  • Chrome-like tab helps you to easily jump on another file
  • Colour highlighting
  • Auto-completion

4. Notepad ++

Notepad ++

  • By Don Ho
  • Open-source
  • Category: Text Editor
  • For Windows/Linux/MAC
  • You can download it from Here

Notepad++ is a classic text editor that is used for various programming languages. It is very easy to download, and a system with low configuration can also run this editor. The simplicity of Notepad++ compels developers to code on it. The main problem arises when you need to run the code, and for that first, you need to save the written file as a Python file, then you need to run it through the command prompt. You can’t access cmd directly through Notepad++.

Notepad++ Features:

  • Syntax highlight
  • User-defined folding
  • Search and replace
  • Multi-language support
  • Lightweight
  • Auto-completion

Best Online Python IDEs

By far we have only covered the best Python ideas and text editors which can be installed on various operating systems. As PyCharm is the best Python IDE for Windows, Mac, and Linux and Visual Studio Code is the best Python text editor. But if your wish to execute your Python code online or if Python is not installed on your system and you want to check the output of a python program then you can use the online Python IDEs or Compilers. Here is the list of best Python online compilers that help you to execute the Python code online.

1. AWS Cloud9 IDE

AWS Cloud 9

  • By Amazon
  • For Web
  • Free to Use
  • Category: Online IDE
  • Official Website: Here

It is an Online IDE offered by Amazon, and it let you write, run, and debug your Python code on the browser. It also includes a code editor, debugger, and a command terminal like a normal IDE software. It supports all the popular programming languages such as Python, PHP, JavaScript, etc.

One of the major benefits of cloud9 IDE is you do not need to install any software on your local system, just visit the Cloud9 official Website and start coding all of your program files will be stored on the cloud, and you could access and execute them from any device. You can also share your work with other developers very easily. Cloud9 provides a sharing feature that helps you to share your development environment with your team.

AWS Cloud9 Features

  • Syntax highlighting
  • Support multiple languages
  • Online code compilation.
  • Support various plugins.
  • Support concurrent editing from multiple users.
  • Built-in terminal, with npm and basic Unix commands
  • Support deployment to Heroku, Azure, AWX, etc.

2. PythonAnywhere

Python Anywhere

  • By PythonAnywhere LLP
  • For Web
  • proprietary Online IDE
  • Category: Online IDE
  • Official Website: Here

It is an Online IDE that also provides a web hosting service feature, which means you can also deploy your python web project on it. It provides an interactive code editor that allows you to write, edit, and debug your code online.

It is specially designed for Python and gives prior integrated support to Django and Flask frameworks. It also has a Bash Command-line interface which allows you to run your web project online. Using its Bash terminal, you can also import your GitHub project repository code on your PythonAnywhere account.

PythonAnywhere Features:

  • To use it you need to create an account.
  • It supports all the version of Python
  • Support WSGI-based hosting for Django, Flask, and web2py projects.
  • Includes many popular python modules.

3. PaizaCloud IDE

paizacloud

  • By Gino INC.
  • Category: Online IDE
  • Paid
  • For Web
  • Official Website Here

It is also a powerful online Cloud-based online IDE platform which supports various web development environment such as Ruby on Rails, Node.js, Django, MySQL, WordPress, Java (Tomcat), PHP(LAMP), Laravel, Jupyter Notebook, etc.

It allows you to save and share your code online; with it, you do not need to worry about downloading any file to your local system, and you can access your code from anywhere and using any device.

PaizaCloud Features:

  • Built-in Unix-based terminal.
  • Code completion for snippets and identifiers,
  • Support simultaneous multiple user editing.
  • File management.
  • Support various plugins.
  • Drag and drop the option to import files and projects.

4. SourceLair

SourceLair_Logo

  • By Sourcelair Private Company
  • For Web
  • Category: Online IDE
  • Official Website: Here

It is an online IDE that supports more than 25 programming languages. It is considered one of the best Python online IDEs because it is built on Python and Django itself, and it provides very high compatibility for both Python as well as Django.

With SourceLair, you do not need to worry about downloading, installing, or configuring any files. It supports all popular web tools such as HTML, CSS, JS, Django, Node.js, MySQL, MongoDB, etc.

SourceLair Features:

  • It can be integrated with git, GitHub, and Heroku.
  • You can easily share your programming environment with your team and other developers.
  • Do not need to install or configure any file.
  • Execute code online
  • Support all popular web tools.
  • Highly Compatible with Python and Django.

Conclusion

With this, we have reached the end of our article on 2021 top Python text editor and ide for windows, Mac, and Linux operating systems. If you are a complete beginner and have no prior knowledge of programming, and IDEs then we suggest you download and use text editors such as Visual Studio Code, Sublime, Atom, and IDLE because for a beginner using PyCharm, Spyder, and JupyterNotebook, could be overwhelming.

The best way to learn anything is to practice, and this implies on “How to Learn Python?” too, if you want to learn Python, then you need to practice as much you can, and for that, you can use either of these Python IDEs or Python text editors we have mentioned above.

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