What is Git?

By | January 4, 2020
What is Git

The basic explanation of Git says, ‘Git is an Open-source Distributed Version Control’. Let’s break the words into two Distributed Version Control and Version Control. A Distributed version control means to distribute the code stored in the repository to the local as well as the remote server of the user and the version control keep track of the changes.

What is Git?

Here in this article, we have provided a simple explanation of What is Git? Before that let’s have a look at what is a Version control and what is a Distributed Version control?


Version Control System

A control system is used to store content and in most of the cases it stores code, a Version Control System can be considered as a tracker assigned to the stored code so if the user makes any changes in the code, it could store the snapshot of the previous code and show the update taken place after making changes in the code.

In simple word, Version control is tracker which store the history of the stored content or code in the control system.

Distributed Version Control

A Distributed Version Control distribute the content or code that have been stored on the server, here distributed means it provides a local copy to the user’s desktop so, even if the server crash and all the content get deleted the user would have the copy of the code.

Distributed Version Controls System Like Git provided a remote repository of the code that has been stored in the central server.

Why do we need a Version Control?

In Real-World projects we have a team of developers working on the same projects, it could be possible they would be working isolated but they need to work parallel.

Suppose there is a situation where a Developer makes changes in the project code so how other Developers supposed to grab that change in the program of 1000 lines code. Here version control comes in play the version control will take the snapshot of the previous code and compare it with the new changes so it would be available for the other developers to see who make what changes. As the Version control have the snapshot of the previous code so the developers can roll back the changes which he had been committed.

In big projects, everyone uses Version Controls because it provides more efficient and brings symphony & visibility to the developer working style.

What is Git?

Git is an Open-source Distributed Version Control System which has a huge community as compared to other Version controls. Now Git is used as a standard Version Control System. It promises data assurance for developing high-quality software and hassle-free service.

As Git is a Distributed VCS it can provide the local copy of the content to the user desktop which helps the developer to work offline or remotely. Once the developer has completed his work on local copy with few easy Git’s terminal commands, he can sync his work with the server repository.

Git has a very huge community which makes it popular and maintained it hype amongst new developers and students. These days mostly all the Integrated Development Environment comes with the inbuilt git support which makes it easy for a developer to look over its code using Git Version Control.

Git Features

Open Source

There could be nothing better than free sources, and Git is too free to use Version control. It is under the GPL (General Public Licence). So, everyone can download Git for free and use it.

Parallel Development

With Git all the developers working on the same project can have a project code copy on their own local system so everyone can work simultaneously on the same project and being isolated at the same time.


Git provides branch such as master branch which contains the quality code and features branches which are yet in the development process.

Built-in Support

Git is the most popular version control system so, mostly all the IDE (Integrated Development Environments) comes with the built-in support for Git version control.

Pull Request

Git Provide a feature known as pull request which help developer to communicate before they push and merge the feature branch (working branch) to the main (master) branch and commit the changes.


Git provides complete security with the SHA1 (Secure Hash Function) to the content stored in the repository.

Huge Community

Git has a very huge community supporting it, so there is no chance that git has no future. Every day more and more developers connecting with git and providing it with some new tools.

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