Every day more and more new developers are associating with python, in the past few years, we have seen a drastic hype of python and its libraries. In 2020 Python has become the well known and one of the most popular programming languages.
A programming language is all about syntax, code and implementation of Data Structures and algorithms, and like other programming languages, Python also has some specific syntax and a code pattern to follow. In order to learn Python Programming, you need to practice by writing the python code, and to write a code you can either use a text editor or an IDE (Integrated Development Environment). There are various popular paid and free versions of Python Text Editor and Python IDE’s that you can find on the Internet, however, in this article we have only provided the brief introduction of Python most Popular IDE “PyCharm”.
What is an IDE?
IDE stands for Integrated Development Environment and it is a software that can be used to write, edit, modify, debug, compile or interpret a code of specific programming languages. Professionals Developers generally use IDE’s when they work on a big project because an IDE provides lots of features that a developer requires while working on a project.
Most IDE’s are designed for a specific programming language, for example, PyCharm is designed for Python, Eclipse is designed for Java and DevC++ is designed for C++.
Advantages of an IDE
- It contains a very interactive text editor.
- It made very easy to work with a project that contains various files.
- IDE’s provide autosuggestion feature which provides code suggestion while writing code.
- It provides syntax highlighting and if there is a syntax error in the program the IDE highlight that particular piece of code without even compiling.
- IDE defiantly helps you to increase your productivity.
Disadvantages of an IDE
- For a beginner using an IDE could be difficult because IDE’s are specially designed for big projects and for one file program using an IDE would not be a good idea.
- An IDE generally consumes a lot of CPU resources and it could take too much of a time to load on a low-end computer.
What is a Text Editor?
Generally, most of the IDE’s are complex to use and they also consume a lot of CPU resources, so for a beginner and low-end computers, text-editors are the best option to write and execute code.
A text editor is a software that can be used to write and run code of any specific programming language. We can say that a Text editor is a subset of IDE, that’s why text editors are light weighted and easy to use.
Notepad, Notepad++, Sublime text-editor, etc. are some of the examples of Text editors.
Advantages of Text Editor
- Text editors are very light weighted applications and even a low-end system can run a Text editor with ease.
- Text editors are also very user-friendly and for a beginner its always recommended to use a text editor instead of an IDE.
Disadvantages of Text Editor
- Though there are no specific disadvantages of a Text Editor, but if we compare a text editor with an IDE then it may lack in many features.
What is PyCharm?
PyCharm is the most popular IDE of Python and it is developed by a company called JetBrains. Jet Brain is famous for their IDEs and they also have created IDEs for different programming languages such as Java, C++, etc.
PyCharm comes with a beautiful User Interface (UI), but you can also customize your PyCharm according to your specific needs and preference, and you have more than 50 plug-ins with PyCharm that you can install according to your project requirement.
What is PyCharm used for?
Like other IDEs present in the market PyCharm is mainly used for editing, writing, debugging and managing Python code. Not only python, but we can also code for multiple programming languages using it. PyCharm comes with a very interactive and efficient user interface which allow its user to manage big projects. It’s easy to create new project and virtual environment feature help developers to isolate one project from another.
PyCharm considered the best Python IDE, and with it, you can efficiently work on big projects which contain multiple directories and thousand lines of code.
PyCharm is available for all the popular operating system such a window, Mac and Linux and it has two different Editions Professional and Community.
If you are a beginner, then you should go with the community edition of the PyCharm, for the professional edition you need to pay.
|Features||PyCharm Community Edition||PyCharm Professional Edition|
|Intelligent Python editor||Yes||Yes|
|Graphical debugger and test runner||Yes||Yes|
|Navigation and Refactorings||Yes||Yes|
|Python web frameworks||NO||Yes|
|Remote development capabilities||NO||Yes|
|Database & SQL support||NO||Yes|
- 2 GB RAM minimum, 8 GB RAM recommended
- 5 GB hard disk space, SSD recommended
- 1024×768 minimum screen resolution
- Python 2.7, or Python 3.5 or newer
Here are some main features and tools that PyCharm offers:
- Interactive Code Editor
- Code Navigator
- Support Web-Technologies
- Support Python Web framework
- Python Scientific Libraries
- Database Plugin
- Jupyter Integration
- Built-in terminal
- Version Control
- Support Virtual Environment
Interactive Code Editor
With PyCharm we get an interactive intelligent code editor that help the developers to write high-quality code. The code editor comes with color highlighting which makes the overall code easy to read and interactive. You can also change the theme of the code editor and coding style. With code editor, you also get the feature of auto code suggestion and you do not have to write the complete code statement, snippet, and variable again and again. The Syntax highlight also helps in debugging, if there is an error in the program syntax you will find that error in an instant.
Code navigator is the basic tool provided by every IDE and now even the basic text editors also provide this tool. The code navigator help programmer to navigate over the program without putting any extra time and effort.
Though the community version of PyCharm does not give complete support for the Python web frameworks such as Django and Flask, however, it will give you the features for the code suggestion and other basic features if you have installed the corresponding Library.
Using the terminal commands or by navigating to the setting you can install the corresponding scientific libraries for your project directly from the PyCharm. You can easily install the libraries like pandas, NumPy, Anaconda, Metplotlib, etc. and can avail the interactive graphs.
PyCharm also gives support for various relational database tools such as Oracle, SQL Server, MySQL and PostgreSQL, even you can install an additional plugin called DB Browser which will help you to show a Graphical interface of your Database File and using the plugin itself you can directly modify your database.
With PyCharm you can also create Jupyter files, to use Jupyter notebook in PyCharm you just need to install the Jupyter from the PyCharm Setting>>project interpreters and you are ready to use the Jupyter notebook.
There is nothing new in the Debugger feature every IDE even the simple text editor provides this tool, if we put it in a simple way debugger is the basic tool required by every programmer while working on a project.
You also get a built-in terminal with PyCharm, and the terminal comes very handily if you are working on a web-framework and you need to run the localhost for your project. You can also use the terminal to check for the quick logic if you get stuck somewhere.
PyCharm provides you with some popular version controls like Git, Mercurial, Perforce and SVN. Using these version controls you can keep track of your project history in your local system, and if you are using the git control version you can even push your project to the GitHub from the PyCharm itself.
If you create a new project in PyCharm, the PyCharm automatically create a virtual environment for that project and every library you install for that project would be limited to the virtual environment, and this tool comes very usefully if you want to move your project from one system to another, for that you just need to copy the single directory.
Indeed, PyCharm is the best IDE for Python and with regular updates, you find more features in your PyCharm. We suggest you use the community edition first before you buy the Professional one. For a beginner or an intermediate developer, the community version of PyCharm do mostly all of the work. If you have a low-end computer then you should not install PyCharm because it consumes a lot of CPU resources and it also takes too much time to load.