Top 10 Web Development Frameworks of 2021

By | May 31, 2021
Web Development Frameworks

Are you done with basic programming in Python? Or PHP/JavaScript/Java, or any other programming language? And now want to update your skills in 2021 to start/advance a career in web development? Learn web frameworks to boost up your career as a web-developer. Choose among the popular web development frameworks from below and start your journey.

Mostly all tech companies use web frameworks to build dynamic web applications rather than writing the code in a specific programming language from scratch. Choosing the best web development framework is not easy, especially when there’s are a ton of them.

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Also, it’s not easy to switch among web development frameworks if their core programming language is different. For example, switching from Flask to Django is easy because they share the same programming language i.e. Python.

On the contrary, switching from Django to Laravel could be difficult because Laravel is based on PHP rather than Python, and to learn Laravel you need to learn PHP first.

So here we are going to discuss the 10 best web frameworks that include both backend and front-end frameworks.

What is a Web Development Framework?

A web-framework is a collection of libraries that are used to build a dynamic web application. A web development framework contains prewritten code, which calls the system and executes it.

Using a web development framework, we can build web services, web resources, and web APIs that can be deployed on the world wide web with the primary purpose of using a web framework to increase productivity by automating a webapp.

A web framework contains many libraries, and the backend frameworks – like MVC Frameworks – even have support for database access, templating, and session management.

Types of Web Development Frameworks

In general, web-frameworks are classified into 2 categories; front-end and back-end frameworks. Though some of them allow development for both ends. These are known as full-stack frameworks.

Here in this article, we have provided the top 10 web frameworks you can learn in 2021 to enhance your web development skills.

10 Best Web Development Frameworks to Use in 2021

Top Front End Web Development Frameworks

1. Angular

Angular Framework

Angular is the best front-end web framework, not only because Google manages it, but also due to its growing community support and adoption by other tech giants, including Microsoft and PayPal.

The web development framework was established in 2009 as AngularJS, which used JavaScript as its programming language. In 2016, however, Google completely rewrote Angular. Since then, Angular uses Typescript as its main programming language. Typescript is similar to JavaScript. In fact, Typescript is the superset of JS.

As it is a Front-end Web Framework so we can only make client-side dynamic webpages using Angular. Google itself uses this beautiful and powerful framework to build client-side dynamic pages.

The learning curve of Angular is steep because it contains many controllers, directives, libraries, and other components, which you need to learn if you want to add Angular skills to your inventory.

One of the outstanding features of Angular is that we can use this framework to build single-page applications because it is based on MVC architecture  (Model-View-Controller).

Many projects require real-time applications build on the front-end using Angular. It supports two-way binding, which means that if the application changes data simultaneously, the user interface of that application will also change correspondingly.

Advantages

  • Accelerates application development.
  • Supports the MVC architecture.
  • Two-way data binding is a perfect choice for real-time applications.
  • The ideal web framework for single-page applications.
  • A fast-growing community.

Disadvantages

  • Steep learning curve.
  • Slow processing.
  • Does not have well-organized documentation.

2. React

React Framework

React is not a web framework, but we have mentioned it here because it serves the same purpose as a web-framework. It is a JS library developed by Facebook, which is used to build front end web applications. React is among the top rivals of the Angular web-framework.

We often compare React with Angular and these two technologies fight head-to-head to be on the top of the front-end development tools list.

Using React, we can create single-page applications. We can also even develop mobile apps using React. This is an important highlight of the web development framework since most front-end frameworks and libraries do not provide proper support for mobile application development.

As React is a library, so it does not support many features like other Front-end frameworks, that’s why to build a proper single page application, React integrates with other libraries for dealing with state management, routing, and interaction with API.

Advantages

  • Its virtual DOM supports fast manipulation in the document.
  • It can be integrated with other libraries.
  • Excellent support for mobile web application development.

Disadvantages

  • Does not have well-organized documentation.
  • Complex structure than JavaScript.

3. Vue.Js

Vue.js Framework

Vue.js is one of the popular frameworks of JavaScript and has gained a lot of popularity in the past few years in spite of not being developed by a big tech company or a popular name.

Vue came into existence in February 2014 and is developed by Evan You. Like React and Angular, VueJS can also be used to create single-page applications and user interfaces for web apps. It is based on the Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) architecture.

Unlike Angular and React, Vue provides better documentation, and the learning curve is also low for the web framework. Despite its strengths, many developers don’t choose Vue for their projects as tech giants, such as Google, Amazon, and Facebook does not support it.

Advantages

  • Aids fast development.
  • Small size.
  • Easy to maintain.
  • Easy to learn.
  • Can be integrated with other applications.

Disadvantage

  • Does not have stable tools.
  • Does not support by most tech giants.

4. Ember

Ember Framework

Ember is among the top best frameworks used by professional developers to build front-end web applications. Just like Vue.js, Ember is also based on the MVMM architecture.

Many popular websites, such as Apple Music, Square Inc., Discourse, LinkedIn, and Twitch uses Ember to develop their front-ends. Ember was released on 8 December 2011. It is primarily written in JavaScript and is a cross-platform JS framework.

Though Ember is capable of creating dynamic client-side applications, it can also be used to build mobile and desktop applications. In 2015 Ember was awarded the title of the best front-end framework. Even big tech companies like Google, Amazon, and Facebook also leverages Ember for their projects.

Advantages

  • Delivers high performance.
  • Better development environment.
  • Well-maintained, extensive documentation.
  • Supports code debugger.

Disadvantages

  • Steep learning curve.
  • Not ideal for developing small projects.

5. Backbone.js

Backbone Framework

Backbone is a lightweight and efficient JavaScript library, and yes it is not a web framework. Yet this JS library is powerful enough to build single-page web applications, like other top front-end web development frameworks.

Developed by Jeremy Ashkenas in 2010, BackboneJS is based on the MVP (Model-View-Presenter) architecture. Since it is a library, Backbone does not contain all the components to build a fully-fledged web application.

Nonetheless, it supports integration with JS and Unserscore.js for developing and designing full-blown web apps.

Advantages

  • Ideal for building small projects.
  • Beginner-friendly.
  • Flaunts well-organized documentation.
  • Easy to learn as well as implement.

Disadvantages

  • Doesn’t support creating a sophisticated and high-quality application on its own.
  • Dwindling community.

Back-End Web Development Frameworks

6. Django

Django Framework

Django is the most popular Python framework, used for building dynamic web applications. There are thousands of Django-based projects on GitHub and Stack Overflow that signifies the immense popularity enjoyed by this web development framework among the developer community.

The Python web framework is so popular because it is built on Python, which itself is the most in-demand programming language for so many years. This is true for 2021 too.

Django works on the DRY principle and follows the MVT (Model-View-Template) Architecture. The DRY policy pertains to the rule of “Do not Repeat Yourself.” It promotes the concept of code reusability.

A huge community supports Django. Its regular updates let the developers stick to it while attracting new developers also. Many famous organizations, such as Instagram, Disqus, and NASA use Django for maintaining and developing their back-ends.

Django consists of a lot of features, including inbuilt validation, authentication, and Messaging. The Python framework is mostly used to build robust and high-quality applications. Although you can use it for small projects,  it is highly supportive for developing big and complex projects.

Advantages

  • Allows fast development.
  • Comes with an inbuilt authentication tool.
  • Provides a good level of security.
  • Huge community.
  • Well-organized documentation.

Disadvantages

  • Slow processing.
  • High learning curve.

7. Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails Framework

Also known simply as Rails or RoR, Ruby on Rails is one of the oldest and popular backend web development frameworks. It is based on the Ruby programming language.

More than 800,000 websites are built with Ruby on Rails, which includes some of the most popular sites, including Airbnb, GitHub, Hulu, and Groupon. Using this ruby web development framework, we can implement complex algorithms to solve various types of web development problems.

As it is one of the oldest web development frameworks, it also has considerable community support. Ruby on Rails provides support for a galore of powerful libraries and tools for web application development. One of the significant features of RoR is that you can build a cloud-based application using this framework.

Advantages

  • A vast number of libraries and tools.
  • Fast development.
  • Automation-enabled.
  • Huge community support.

Disadvantages

  • Slow Processing.
  • It does not have proper documentation.

8. Laravel

Laravel

PHP is one of the popular scripting languages, and it covers about 82% of the web, which makes its structures accessible too.

Laravel is an ideal framework for PHP developers who wish to take their PHP skills to the next level. PHP itself supports building powerful backend web applications. Laravel further pushes the capabilities of PHP development.

It supports the Model-View-Controller architecture, which makes Laravel easy to learn. Yet if you choose Laravel for your project, you need to know PHP first. Laravel is developed by Taylor Otwell as an open-source framework and was initially released in 2011.

Advantages

  • Consists of the newest features of PHP.
  • Thorough documentation.
  • Integrated with mail services.
  • Cache backends.

Disadvantages

  • Does not provide support for payment gateways.
  • Unsuitable for developing mobile applications.

9. Spring

Spring

Java also flaunts a popular web development framework that accepts Java as a programming language to build powerful web applications, called Spring Framework.

Java is using frameworks for a long time for backend development because of its fast performance and high-quality application development. Spring is based on the Model-View-Controller architecture.

No matter what, sooner or later, every java developer uses Spring to overcome the limitations of Java. Many popular websites such as Wix, Ticketmaster, and Bill Guard have used the Spring framework and Java for their backend development.

Using Java at the backend also justifies the quality of the backend because Java itself is the most popular programming language. Moreover, the performance of Java is way better than Python.

Advantages

  • Build on Java.
  • Highly flexible.
  • Delivers a high level of performance.
  • Easy to maintain.

Disadvantages

  • High learning curve.
  • Unstable.

10. Express.js

Express

If you are a JavaScript developer and want to extend your skills in backend development, you should learn Express.js. It is a Node.js API and web app development framework. So by learning only JavaScripta and ExpressJS, you could become a full stack developer.

Many big companies such as Uber, IBM, and Accenture have adopted Express for their backend development. It is an open-source Node.js web development framework. Because of that, unfortunately, it is not beginner-friendly.

To learn ExpressJS, you have to go through Node.js first, which itself is a very complex backend tool that requires a decent learning effort.

Advantages

  • Flexible.
  • Powerful and feature-packed.
  • Excellent for API development.

Disadvantages

  • High learning curve.
  • Tedious callbacks.

Conclusion

To become a successful full-stack web developer in 2021, we suggest you learn 2 frameworks, each from the front-end and back end lists mentioned above. You can choose a web development framework corresponding to the programming language you know and/or are comfortable working with.

For example, if you know how to code in Python, you should select Django, but if you love PHP go for Laravel. All the frameworks are capable of doing the same thing albeit in different ways. It rests on developers which structure they want.

Mostly all developers pick a web framework(s) according to their experience with a programming language. If you like this article or have any suggestions regarding web development frameworks, you can tell us by commenting down below.

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2 thoughts on “Top 10 Web Development Frameworks of 2021

  1. Soufiane Hamani

    Thank you for this article presenting the different web development frameworks !

    Reply
  2. David

    Thanks for making that comparative right-up. Nice overview of the recent playing field. One edit comes to mind: In your section on RonR, you wrote: “Using this PHP web development framework, we can implement complex algorithms to solve various types of web development problems.” I think you meant “….this Ruby web development framework….”

    Best,

    — David

    Reply

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