Mostly all tech companies use web frameworks to build dynamic web applications rather than writing the code from scratch in a specific programming language. Choosing the best web development framework is not easy, especially when there are a ton of them.
Also, it’s not easy to switch among web development frameworks if their core programming language is different. For example, switching from Flask to Django is easy because they share the same programming language, i.e., Python.
On the contrary, switching from Django to Laravel could be difficult because Laravel is based on PHP rather than Python, and to learn Laravel, you need to learn PHP first. So, here we are going to discuss the 10 best web frameworks that include both backend and front-end frameworks.
What is a Web Development Framework?
A web framework is a collection of libraries that are used to build a dynamic web application. A web development framework contains prewritten code, which includes functions, modules, and routines.
Using a web development framework, we can build web services, web resources, and web APIs that can be deployed on the world wide web with the primary purpose of using a web framework to increase productivity by automating a web app.
A web framework contains many libraries, and the backend frameworks – like MVC Frameworks – even have support for database access, templating, and session management.
Types of Web Development Frameworks
In general, web frameworks are classified into two categories; front-end web development frameworks and back-end web development frameworks. Some web frameworks facilitate the development of both the front-end and back-end. These are known as full-stack web development frameworks.
Here in this article, we have provided the top 10 web frameworks you can learn in 2022 to enhance your web development skills.
10 Best Web Development Frameworks to Use in 2022
Top Front End Web Development Frameworks
Angular is the best front-end web framework, not only because Google manages it but also due to its growing community support and adoption by other tech giants, including Microsoft and PayPal.
As it is a front-end web framework, we can only make client-side dynamic webpages using Angular. Google itself uses this robust and powerful framework to build client-side dynamic pages. The learning curve of Angular is steep because it contains many controllers, directives, libraries, and other components, which you need to learn if you want to add Angular skills to your inventory.
One of the outstanding features of Angular is that we can use this web framework to build single-page applications because it is based on the MVC architecture (Model-View-Controller). Many projects require real-time applications built on the front-end using Angular.
The popular front-end web framework supports two-way data binding, which means that if the application changes data simultaneously, the user interface of that application will also change correspondingly.
Advantages of Angular
- Accelerates application development.
- Supports the MVC architecture.
- Two-way data binding is a perfect choice for real-time applications.
- The ideal web framework for single-page applications.
- A fast-growing community.
Disadvantages of Angular
- Steep learning curve.
- Slow processing.
- Poor documentation.
React is not a web framework, but we have mentioned it here because it serves the same purpose as a web framework. In actuality, it is a JS library developed by Facebook, which is used to build front-end web applications. React is among the best alternatives to Angular. We often compare React with Angular, and these two technologies fight head-to-head to be on the top of the front-end development tools list.
Using React, we can create single-page applications. We can also even develop mobile apps using React. This is an important highlight of the web development framework since most front-end frameworks and libraries do not provide proper support for mobile application development.
As React is a library, so it does not support many features like other front-end frameworks. Consequently, to build a proper single-page application, React integrates with other libraries for dealing with state management, routing, and interaction with API.
Advantages of React
- Its virtual DOM supports fast manipulation in the document.
- It Can integrate with other libraries.
- React offers excellent support for mobile web application development.
Disadvantages of React
- React does not have well-organized documentation.
- It is complex.
Like React and Angular, VueJS can also be used to create single-page applications and user interfaces for web apps. Unlike Angular, it is based on the Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) architecture.
Unlike Angular and React, Vue provides better documentation, and the learning curve is also low. Despite its strengths, many developers don’t choose Vue for their projects as tech giants, such as Google, Amazon, and Facebook, do not support it.
Advantages of VueJS
- Aids fast development.
- Small size.
- Easy to maintain.
- Easy to learn.
- It can be integrated with other applications.
Disadvantages of VueJS
- Does not have stable tools.
- No support by most tech giants.
Ember is among the best web development frameworks used by professional developers to build front-end web applications. Just like Vue.js, Ember is also based on the MVMM architecture. Many popular websites, such as Apple Music, Square Inc., Discourse, LinkedIn, and Twitch, use Ember for their front-ends.
In 2015, Ember was awarded the title of the best front-end framework. Even big tech companies like Google, Amazon, and Facebook also leverage Ember for their projects.
Advantages of Ember
- Delivers high performance.
- Better development environment.
- Well-maintained and extensive documentation.
- Supports code debugger.
Disadvantages of Ember
- Steep learning curve.
- Not ideal for developing small projects.
Developed by Jeremy Ashkenas in 2010, BackboneJS is based on the MVP (Model-View-Presenter) architecture. Since it is a JS library, Backbone does not contain all the components to build a fully-fledged web application. Nonetheless, it supports integration with JS and Unserscore.js for developing and designing full-blown web apps.
Advantages of Backbone.js
- Ideal for building small projects.
- Flaunts well-organized documentation.
- Easy to learn as well as implement.
Disadvantages of Backbone.js
- Doesn’t support creating a sophisticated and high-quality application on its own.
- Small community.
Back-End Web Development Frameworks
Django is the most popular Python framework used for building dynamic web applications. There are thousands of Django-based projects on GitHub and Stack Overflow that signifies the immense popularity enjoyed by this web development framework among the developer community.
This web framework is so popular because it is built on Python, which itself has been the most in-demand programming language for so many years. This is true for 2022 too. Django works on the DRY principle and follows the MVT (Model-View-Template) Architecture. The DRY principle pertains to the rule of “Do not Repeat Yourself.” Thus, it promotes the concept of code reusability.
A huge community supports Django. Also, its regular updates let the developers stick to it while also attracting new developers. Many famous organizations, such as Instagram, Disqus, and NASA, use Django for maintaining and developing the back-ends of their websites.
Moreover, Django consists of a lot of features, including inbuilt validation, authentication, and messaging. This Python framework is mostly used to build robust and high-quality applications. Although you can use it for small projects, it is highly recommended for developing big and complex projects.
Advantages of Django
- Allows fast development.
- Comes with an inbuilt authentication tool.
- Provides a good level of security.
- Huge community.
- Well-organized documentation.
Disadvantages of Django
- Slow processing.
- High learning curve.
Also known simply as Rails or RoR, Ruby on Rails is one of the oldest and most popular backend web development frameworks. It is based on the Ruby programming language. More than 800k websites are built with Ruby on Rails, which includes some of the most popular sites, including Airbnb, GitHub, Hulu, and Groupon.
Using this Ruby-based web development framework, we can implement complex algorithms to solve various types of web development problems. As it is one of the oldest web development frameworks, it also has considerable community support.
Ruby on Rails provides support for a galore of powerful libraries and tools for web application development. One of the significant features of RoR is that you can build a cloud-based application using this framework.
Advantages of Ruby on Rails
- A vast number of libraries and tools.
- Fast development.
- Huge community support.
Disadvantages of Ruby on Rails
- Slow Processing.
- Poor documentation.
PHP is one of the most popular web scripting languages, and it powers about 82% of the web, which makes its structures accessible too. Laravel is an ideal framework for PHP developers who wish to take their PHP skills to the next level. PHP itself supports building powerful backend web applications. As such, Laravel further pushes the capabilities of PHP development.
Moreover, this framework supports the Model-View-Controller architecture, which makes Laravel easy to learn. Yet if you choose Laravel for your project, you need to know PHP first. Laravel was developed by Taylor Otwell as an open-source framework and was initially released in 2011.
Advantages of Laravel
- Consists of the newest features of PHP.
- Expansive documentation.
- Integrated with mail services.
- Cache backends.
Disadvantages of Laravel
- Does not provide support for payment gateways.
- Unsuitable for developing mobile applications.
Java also flaunts a popular web development framework that accepts Java as a programming language to build powerful web applications. It is Spring Framework. The Java programming language has been using frameworks for a long time for backend development because of its fast performance and high-quality application development.
Spring is based on the Model-View-Controller architecture. No matter what, sooner or later, every Java developer uses Spring to overcome the limitations of Java. Many popular websites such as Wix, Ticketmaster, and Bill Guard use the Spring framework and Java for their backend development.
Using Java at the backend also justifies the quality of the backend because Java itself is one of the most popular programming languages. Moreover, the performance of Java is way better than Python.
Advantages of Spring
- The web framework is highly flexible.
- It delivers top-notch performance.
- Spring is easy to maintain.
Disadvantages of Spring
- It has a steep learning curve.
- Spring is unstable.
Many tech giants, such as Uber, IBM, and Accenture, have adopted Express for their backend development. It is an open-source Node web development framework. Because of that, unfortunately, it is not beginner-friendly. To learn ExpressJS, you have to go through Node.js first, which itself is a very complex backend tool that requires a decent learning effort.
Advantages of ExpressJS
- Powerful and feature-packed.
- Excellent for API development.
Disadvantages of ExpressJS
- Steep learning curve.
- Tedious callbacks.
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To become a successful full-stack web developer in 2022, we suggest you learn two frameworks, each from the front-end and back-end web frameworks mentioned above. You can choose a web development framework corresponding to the programming language you know and/or are comfortable working with.
For example, if you know how to code in Python, you should select Django, but if you love PHP, go for Laravel. All the web development frameworks are capable of doing the same thing, albeit in different ways. It depends on the developers which structure they want. Usually, developers pick a web framework(s) according to their experience with a programming language.
If you like this article or have any suggestions regarding web development frameworks, you can tell us by commenting down below.
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